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1

What are the four sects of Judaism?

Pharisees
Sadducees
Essenes
Zealots

2

Were Jews and Christians friendly with one another in the early church?

No.
Jews had become irritated with the rule of Rome. Rome had monopolized the wealth in the region and had allowed Greek settlers and merchants to rule commerce.

3

Who were the two generals that destroyed Jerusalem AD 60-70?

Vespian and Titus

4

How did the destruction of Jerusalem help Christianity?

The siege and destruction of Jerusalem forced the Christian church to rapidly disburse throughout the empire and beyond. Causing Christianity to spread.

The church fleeing Jerusalem would free them to adopt non Jewish ways of doing things.

5

What were the three important items the church needed to settle after the apostles died?

Codified the Canon

Create the creeds

Begin Episcopacy

6

What is a creed?

Short statements of belief summarizing Christian teaching and introducing inquirers to the faith.

7

What is the Canon?

The books of the Bible used as rules or norms for people to live by just as the rod or ruler provided a rule or norm.

8

Who finalized the Canon on 376 AD?

St Athanasius

9

Was there a hierarchy in the early church?

No. Church structure was very fluid and flexible.

10

When did the hierarchy evolve?

When the apostles started to die. By the 60s AD.

11

What was the 112 AD saying about hierarchy?

"Follow the bishops as Christ followed the father"

12

What were the four offices of the early church?

Bishops
Deacons
Presiding officers
Elders

13

Explain Arianism?

Belief that only God the father is eternal and the son is a creature. The son should not be acquainted with God.

14

What is marcions heresy?

The God of the OT and the God of the NT were 2 different Gods. The creator God (OT) was evil and harsh and the master of all matter. The God of the NT is the God of the spirit. Because of this Jesus could not have been man but only appeared as one.

15

How did the church feel about being Martyrs?

Martyrs were looked highly regarded.

The church was built on the blood of the martyrs

16

Three possible responses to persecution were...

Fold
Die
Fake

17

What were the three charges leveled against the Christian Roman government?

Cannibalism
Incest
Atheism

18

Who was St. Augustine?

Augustine formulated a new theology that would allow Christianity to serve its new role as the social glue of the Roman State.

He was a brilliant mind who is the most influential of all the church fathers. It is he who would be a fountainhead of Calvinism when he battled Pelagius and thus has a huge effect even today.

Augustine wrote The City of God- the proper goal of human striving is God and a society in fellowship with God.

19

Four capitals for Christianity?

Antioch
Rome
Alexandria
Jerusalem

20

Who started Monasteries?

Pachomius started the campaign to build monasteries

Anthony was the first Monk

St. Benedict established monasteries (12 still exist)

21

Who ran the Monastery?

The Abbot

22

Name the Martyrs discussed in class

Ignatius of Antioch
Polycarp of Smyrna
Perpetua and Felicitas

23

Constantine: who was he and how did he effect Christianity?

Constantine was the first Christian emperor who wanted to make Christianity the main religion of the empire. He used Christianity to unify the empire.

24

Feudal System- hierarchy pyramid

Top to bottom

Kings
Nobles
Knights
Peasants

25

What was chivalry?

The code of ethics followed by the knights. Honesty, fairness in battle, loyal, proper treatment of women.

26

What are the 5 pillars of Islamic Religion

Confession,prayer,fasting,giving alms, pilgrimage

27

What is central to the life of a Muslim?

Qur'an

28

What happened in 325AD?

Nicene Creed.

29

What is apostolic succession?

The Pope. The pope now stands in the place for the apostles.

30

After persecution how did those who denied Christ cause problems for the church?

They denied Christ so they would not face persecution. Decision needs made if they should be allowed back into the church. School of sinners versus school of saints. The people loved God but had denied their faith.