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Flashcards in exam 1 Deck (20)
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1

found that the percentage of people who helped a stranger in need dropped from 66% to 10% when the people were in a rush

Good Samaritan Study

3

conceptualizations of categories people rely on to make sense of surrounding world

schemas

4

an experimental manipulation that has been studied to determine how crowd size influences people's responses to others perceived to be in need of assistance

Bystander Intervention

6

the mistake of presuming that new and relevant evidence will always help improve the judgements and decisions one makes

interview illusion

7

common failure to recognize contexts and situations as important as they are for understanding and explaining people's beliefs, opinions, and actions

context blindness

9

occur when the data from a sample fails to represent the statistics of its population

statistical biases

10

the principle that the larger a sample is, the more likely that sample's statistics approximates the statistics of the whole population

law of large numbers

11

a property of some data related to how different points are spread out

dispersion

12

a property of the dispersion of data of some variable that relates to how much of the data clusters around the mean

standard deviation

15

representing something in a new way so heuristics can be applied

coding

18

a factor that influences which inferential rules people are likely to consider relevant and use in reasoning in a situation

framing

19

dispersion of data with a bell shaped curve that peaks at the mean

normal distribution

20

a statistical principle according to which, when all else equal, the values of any new data are more likely to be nearer to the mean after extreme, or outlying, data has been observed

regression to the mean

21

an inferential rule, or guide to making judgements, that significantly depends on analogies or comparative assessments of similarities

representativeness heuristic

22

occur when people, and some non-human animals, perform some tasks more diligently and effectively when others are around

social facilitation effects

23

occurs when context blindness causes people to overestimate the role of personal dispositions when understanding and explaining specific thoughts, feelings, and behavior

fundamental attribution error

24

particular inferences or interpretations made in a situation that are influenced by how the situation is framed and which schema are activated or triggered

construals

28

a relation of covariation among distinct factors or measured variables

correlation

31

potentialities or capacities like fragility or solubility

dispositions

33

a rule of thumb for inferring the likelihood of some event happening

the availability heuristic