Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

BUS 121 > Exam 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (12)
Loading flashcards...

What is the meaning of Business?

any activity that seeks to provide goods and or services to others while operating at a profit


What is an entrepreneur?

a person who risks time and money to start and manage a business


What are the factors of production?

land, labor, capital, entrepreneurship, knowledge


What is the meaning of economics?

the study of how society chooses to employ resources to produce goods and services and distribute them for consumption among various competing groups and individuals.


what is capitalism?

all or most of the factors of production and distribution - such as land, factories, railroads, and stores - are owned by individuals


What is socialism?

an economic system based on the premise that some, if not most, basic businesses should be owned by the government so that profits can be more evenly distributed among the people.


What is a recession?

2 consecutive quarters with downturn in our GDP/GNP


What is a depression?

a long term recession


What is a trade deficit?

when the value of a country's exports is less than its imports


What is a sole proprietorship?

owned and managed by one person


What is a partnership?

Two or more people agree to be co owners


What is a corporation?

A legal entity with authority to act and have liability apart from its owners