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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (68)
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1

______ aims to PREVENT the disease or injury BEFORE it occurs

primary prevention

2

target population in primary prevention

susceptible people

3

the goal of primary prevention is to decrease disease ____

incidence

4

______ aim is to decrease the IMPACT of a disease or injury that has already OCCURRED

secondary prevention

5

target population with secondary prevention

asymptomatic people

6

goals with secondary prevention is to DEC ____ or ____

prevalence or consequences

7

______ aims to soften the impact of an ONGOING illness or injury that has LASTING effects

tertiary prevention

8

target population with tertiary prevention

symptomatic people

9

goals of tertiary prevention is to DEC ____ or ____-

complications or disability

10

what were the results of the Vietnam study

the community was provided with nutritional education and access to nutritious food, a significant reduction in acute resp illness and diarrhea was seen in the children studied

11

what disease was associated with the tomatoes/jalapenos case in 2008

salmonella from mexican jalapeños

12

what disease was associated with the recall of 550 million eggs in 2010

salmonella from "quality egg" and "hilldale farm" egg shells

13

what disease was associated with the Jensen Colorado farm cantaloupes in 2011

listeriosis

14

what outbreak is considered the worst foodborne illness outbreak in the United States

listeriosis - jensen farms colorado (30 deaths)

15

smokers eating 2-3 servings of ______ a week had the LOWEST risk of lung cancer

cruciferous vegetables

16

carbohydrates are broken down in what 3 places

mouth, stomach, SI

17

what enzymes break down carbs

carbohydrase, amylase (saliva- breaks down starch)

18

proteins are broken down in what two places

stomach, SI

19

what enzyme breaks down protein

protease (stomach acid helps too)

20

vitamins are absorbed in the

SI

21

bile is produced in the ___ and stored in the ____

liver, stored in gallbladder

22

____ is the precursor molecule of bile

cholesterol

23

function of bile

digestion of fats and fat soluble vitamins in the SI

24

list the 8 water soluble vitamins

B1, B2, B5, B6, B7, B9, B12, vit k

25

b1 =

thiamine

26

b2 =

riboflavin

27

b5 =

pantothenic acid

28

b6 =

pyroxidene

29

b7 =

biotin

30

b9 =

folic acid