Flashcards in exam 1 Deck (41):
__________ is the branch of medicine concerned with treating and managing diseases related to aging.
___________ is the study of the biological, behavioral, and social phenomena from the point of maturity to old age.
The _____________ claims that people who adapt best to aging process are those who choose a few skills and activities on which to focus their energies.
Selective Optimization with Compensation
Sam is 48 years old but when he went for his last check up his doctor told him that his blood pressure and cardiovascular functioning were similar to that of the average 76 year old. In terms of ____________ John would be considered old.
What would be the normative age grade influence on development?
What is the most accurate statement about older ages 65+ men and women in the United States at the present time?
Its when people officially enter the age of adulthood
It is estimated ____% of the percentage of the U.S. population that will be aged 65+ by the year 2030.
When there is a decline in cognitive ability test scores prior to death this is referred to as a __________.
Research on the relationship between ______________ and how old a person feels indicates that middle aged and older adults usually feel younger than they are.
___________ includes biological hereditary genetic factors.
____________ includes enviroment influences and life experiences.
What is the scientific study of Demography?
The ____________ places more emphasis on the characteristics of the enviroment.
Ecological Model of Aging
According to the______________, people adapt best when environmental is tailored to their own level of competence.
Ecological Model of Aging
The ____________ focuses on the strategies aging individuals can use.
Selective Optimization with Compensation Model of Aging
The baby boom generation refers to individuals born between ______ and ________.
In the United States, the fastest growing segment of the older adult population in the United States is the ___________.
Oldest old group
_________ is and organismic variable as well as socioeconomic state , race and housing environments.
Which kind of research studies are participants randomly assigned to levels of an independent variable.
The ____________ model places the heaviest emphasis on the nurture side of the nature nurture debate
__________ is shown when people have low expectations about older adults cognitive or social capabilities.
When a measurement instrument is reliable this means it is _____________.
When a measurement instrument is _________, this means that it is measuring what we think it is measuring.
With ______________ attrition the most obvious issue to consider.
Longitudinal research designs
Correlations can range from _______ to _______,
-1.0 to 1.0
What is an example of a strong correlation?
What is a strong negative correlation?
What does a correlation of 0 mean?
there is no relationship between 2 variables
With ____________ confounds ( is unable to separate) cab be found between age and cohort.
Cross sectional research designs
__________ refers to illness and disease.
__________ refers to death.
___________ focus on random damage to our vital systems that occurs with the process of living
Stochastic theory of biological aging
_________ are the molecular fragments formed as a by product of the body metabolic processes that unite with other molecules and interfere with their functioning.
____________ occurs when research participants are all the same chronological age and individuals are tested at two different times.
Time lag research design
__________ refers to age related changes that result from disease disuse and abuse.
__________ refers to what is considered a usual oral or average outcome.
____________ refers to the ability to find happiness and well being even in the face of physical and psychological challenges.
With ________________ more and more people will be ill only immediately prior to death.
Compression of morbitity
In the United States, life expectancy has been __________ and life span has __________
increasing and stayed the same
______________ is the leading cause of death for people age 65+ in the United States.