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Flashcards in exam 1 Deck (41):
1

__________ is the branch of medicine concerned with treating and managing diseases related to aging.

Geriatrics

2

___________ is the study of the biological, behavioral, and social phenomena from the point of maturity to old age.

Gerontology

3

The _____________ claims that people who adapt best to aging process are those who choose a few skills and activities on which to focus their energies.

Selective Optimization with Compensation

4

Sam is 48 years old but when he went for his last check up his doctor told him that his blood pressure and cardiovascular functioning were similar to that of the average 76 year old. In terms of ____________ John would be considered old.

Biological age

5

What would be the normative age grade influence on development?

puberty menopause

6

What is the most accurate statement about older ages 65+ men and women in the United States at the present time?

Its when people officially enter the age of adulthood

7

It is estimated ____% of the percentage of the U.S. population that will be aged 65+ by the year 2030.

20

8

When there is a decline in cognitive ability test scores prior to death this is referred to as a __________.

terminal drop

9

Research on the relationship between ______________ and how old a person feels indicates that middle aged and older adults usually feel younger than they are.

chronological age

10

___________ includes biological hereditary genetic factors.

Nature

11

____________ includes enviroment influences and life experiences.

Nurture

12

What is the scientific study of Demography?

Human populations

13

The ____________ places more emphasis on the characteristics of the enviroment.

Ecological Model of Aging

14

According to the______________, people adapt best when environmental is tailored to their own level of competence.

Ecological Model of Aging

15

The ____________ focuses on the strategies aging individuals can use.

Selective Optimization with Compensation Model of Aging

16

The baby boom generation refers to individuals born between ______ and ________.

1946-1964

17

In the United States, the fastest growing segment of the older adult population in the United States is the ___________.

Oldest old group

18

_________ is and organismic variable as well as socioeconomic state , race and housing environments.

Age

19

Which kind of research studies are participants randomly assigned to levels of an independent variable.

Quasi experimental

20

The ____________ model places the heaviest emphasis on the nurture side of the nature nurture debate

Mechanistic met

21

__________ is shown when people have low expectations about older adults cognitive or social capabilities.

Ageism

22

When a measurement instrument is reliable this means it is _____________.

Consistent

23

When a measurement instrument is _________, this means that it is measuring what we think it is measuring.

valid

24

With ______________ attrition the most obvious issue to consider.

Longitudinal research designs

25

Correlations can range from _______ to _______,

-1.0 to 1.0

26

What is an example of a strong correlation?

.84

27

What is a strong negative correlation?

-.84

28

What does a correlation of 0 mean?

there is no relationship between 2 variables

29

With ____________ confounds ( is unable to separate) cab be found between age and cohort.

Cross sectional research designs

30

__________ refers to illness and disease.

Morbidity

31

__________ refers to death.

Mortality

32

___________ focus on random damage to our vital systems that occurs with the process of living

Stochastic theory of biological aging

33

_________ are the molecular fragments formed as a by product of the body metabolic processes that unite with other molecules and interfere with their functioning.

Free radicals

34

____________ occurs when research participants are all the same chronological age and individuals are tested at two different times.

Time lag research design

35

__________ refers to age related changes that result from disease disuse and abuse.

Secondary aging

36

__________ refers to what is considered a usual oral or average outcome.

Normative Aging

37

____________ refers to the ability to find happiness and well being even in the face of physical and psychological challenges.

Positive aging

38

With ________________ more and more people will be ill only immediately prior to death.

Compression of morbitity

39

In the United States, life expectancy has been __________ and life span has __________

increasing and stayed the same

40

______________ is the leading cause of death for people age 65+ in the United States.

Heart disease

41

_______________ is when the brain adapts to neural challenges by building alternative neural circuitry, or scaffolds

Scaffolding Theory of aging and cognition