EXAM #1 (8-25 → 9-8) Flashcards Preview

2016FA PATIENT CARE (R. Taylor) > EXAM #1 (8-25 → 9-8) > Flashcards

Flashcards in EXAM #1 (8-25 → 9-8) Deck (108)
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1

what are the two patient identifiers?

patient name

date of birth

2

true/false

an identification band is placed on all inpatients and outpatients undergoing operative or invasive procedures

true

3

true/false

a patient must be asked to state their full name and date of birth

true

never ask if they are Mr. or Mrs. _____

4

what should you do to confirm patient identification when they are non-communicative or incapacitated

check the ID bracelet

5

what color is the no blood draw bracelet

red

6

what color is the allergy bracelet

yellow

7

what color is the fall risk bracelet

orange

8

what color is the photo sensitive braclet

black

9

what color is the DNR bracelet

blue/purple stars

10

what color is the wander bracelet

pink

11

what is medical asepsis?

involves a reduction in the number of infectious agents, which decreases the probability of infection but does not reduce it to zero

12

what is surgical asepsis?

procedure used to prevent contamination of microbes and endospores before, during, and after surgery using sterile technique

13

what procedures are commonly performed in imaging that require sterile technique

Angiography
Image guided biopsies
Line placements
Myelograms
Radiation seed implants

14

what is sterile draping

specific area where a tray or sterile towel (sterile drape) that is considered free of viable micro-organisms is placed

15

is a package sterile if it is wet?

no, packages are sterile if they're clean and dry

16

if a package is already opened, is it considered sterile?

no, opened packages are unsterile

17

if the expiration period has passed on a blue-wrapped package, is it sterile?

no, packages past the expiration date are unsterile

18

what is homeostasis?

consistency

19

what are vital signs

body temperature

pulse rate

blood pressure

respiratory rate

20

[*] what is the 5th vital sign?

pain is often referred to as the 5th vital sign

21

what are the levels of alertness

AVPU

Alert

verbal stimuli

pain stimuli

unresponsive

22

vital signs are an indicator of the patient's _____ to _____

or an _____ effect to _____

improvement of vital signs indicate that the treatment is having a _____ effect

vital signs are an indicator of the patient's response to therapy

or an adverse effect to therapy

improvement of vital signs indicate that the treatment is having a positive effect

23

what is normal body temp in F° and C°

98.6°F

37°C

24

_____ plays an important role in maintaining body temp

hypothalamus plays an important role in maintaining body temp

25

the hypothalamus can initiate _____ _____ and _____ to dissipate body heat

or _____ to generate heat and __________ to conserve heat

the hypothalamus can initiate peripheral dialation and sweating to dissipate body heat

or shivering to generate heat and vasoconstriction to conserve heat

26

what are the five routes to measure core body heat

oral

axillary

tympanic (ear)

temporal

rectal

27

what does the body temp have to be to be considered hyperthermia

99.5°F

28

_____ may be medically induced to decrease metabolic demends

hypothermia

29

what is the major muscle of ventilation

diaphragm

30

what is inspiration

diaphragm contracts and causes expansion of chest (inhale)