Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (43)
credited as the founder of psychology
first American psychologist
developed psychoanalytic therapy
father of behaviorism
John B. Watson
researched operant conditioning
B. F. Skinner
created the Hierarchy of Needs
developed theories regarding change in cognitive ability throughout life
Big 5 Measures
Openness, Conscientiousness, Extroversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism
what did stanley milgram research?
Shock Experiment-seeing how far people would go in obeying orders from an authority figure; see if it could compromise people's morality
what is the biopsychosocial model?
suggests that health/illness is determined by the interaction of biological, psychological, and social factors
take cognitive processes and behaviors into account when providing psychotherapy
Cognitive behavioral therapists
is the DARE program effective?
no, essentially ineffective mostly due to the fact officers tell kids not to do something that will make them feel good because it is simply "bad"
Broad generalizations from specific observations
Starts with a general statement or hypothesis and examines possibilities to create a conclusion
behavior changes when people are observed
method of research using past records or data sets to answer various research questions, or to search for interesting patterns or relationships
graphical view of the strength and direction of correlations; the stronger the correlation, the closer the data points are to a straight line
people's expectations or beliefs influencing or determining their experience in a given situation
variable that is influenced or controlled by the experimenter; in a sound experimental study, it is the only important difference between the experimental and control group
variable that the researcher measures to see how much effect the independent variable had
overall group of individuals that the researchers are interested in
subset of individuals selected from the larger population
genetic makeup of an individual based on the genetic makeup (DNA) inherited from one's parents
individual's observable physical characterics like hair color, height, build, etc
a tool used to predict how genes will interact in the production of offspring
small gap between two neurons where communication occurs
proposing hypothesis, conducting research, and creating or modifying theories based on results
why freud's theories have fallen out of favor
they are not falsifiable
why type of research did jane goodall do?
she conducted naturalistic observations on chimpanzee behavior