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Oral Pathology > Exam 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (53)
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1

Bulla

a circumscribed elevated lesion that is more than 5 mm in diameter, looks like a blister, contains serous fluid

2

Lobule

a segmented or lobe that is a part of the whole, these lobes sometimes appear fused together

3

Macule

an area that is usually distinguished by a color different from that of the surrounding tissue, it is flat and does not protrude above the surface

4

Papule

a small circumscribed lesion usually less than 1 cm in diameter that is elevated or protrudes above the surface

5

Pedunculated

attached by a stemlike or stalklike base

6

Pustules

variously sized circumscribed elevations containing pus

7

Sessile

describing a base of a lesion that is flat or broad instead of stemlike

8

Vesicle

a small, elevated lesion less than 1 cm in diameter that contains serous fluid

9

Nodule

palpable solid lesion up to 1 cm in diameter found in soft tissue, it can occur above, level or beneath the skin surface

10

Palpation

elevation of a lesion by feeling it with the fingers to determine the texture of the area

11

Erythema

abnormal redness of the mucosa or gingiva

12

Erythroplakia

clinical term used to describe an oral mucosal lesion that appears as a smooth red patch or granular red and velvety patch

13

Leukoplakia

clinical term for a white plaquelike lesion on the oral mucosa that cannot be rubbed off

14

Pallor

paleness of the skin or mucosal tissues

15

Centimeter

one hundredth of a meter, little less than half an inch

16

Millimeter

one thousandth of a meter

17

Corrugated

wrinkled

18

Fissure

a cleft or groove, normal

19

Papillary

resembling a small nipple shaped projections or elevations found in clusters

20

Coalescence

process by which parts of a whole join together or fuse to make one

21

Diffuse

lesion with borders that are not well defined

22

Multiocular

lesion that extends beyond the confines of one distinct area and is defined as many lobes or parts that are somewhat fused together

23

Radiolucent

black or dark areas, less dense

24

Radiopaque

light or white areas, more dense

25

Scalloping around the Root

radiolucent lesion that extends beyond the roots, as seen in tramatic bone cysts

26

Uniocular

having one compartment or unit that is well defined or outlined

27

Well Circumscribed

describe a lesion with borders that are specifically defined and in which one can clearly see the exact margins

28

Anomaly

something that deviates from what is standard or normal

29

Dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

30

Dysphonia

difficulty speaking