Exam 1 - Chapter 24+26 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1 - Chapter 24+26 Deck (89)
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1

A personal value system can be defined in terms of _______

virtues, values, ethical principles, and morals

2

A common concern for collective self discipline

Professional ethics

3

T or F : Morals control individuals within a group

False

4

T or F : Conscience controls individual morality

True

5

T or F : Ethical dilemmas are easily solved by codes of ethics

True

6

Moral rules are best applied to ethical dilemmas when __________

The ethical dilemma is very wide in scope

7

Action to benefit others; doing of good

Beneficence

8

Which step is NOT apart of the problem solving process? a) identifying the problem b) developing alternative solutions c) selecting the best solution d) defending your solution e) determining ethical sanctions

E) determining ethical sanctions

9

The strict observance of promises or duties; loyalty and faithfulness to others

Fidelity

10

Generally accepted customs of right living and conduct are _________

Morals

11

A persons self reliance, independence, liberty, rights, privacy, individual choice, freedom of the will, and self-contained ability to decide.

Autonomy

12

Articulated statements of role morality as seen by the members of a profession.

Codes of ethics

13

Belief that health-related information about individual patients should not be revealed to others; maintenance of privacy

Confidentiality

14

Belief that the worth of actions is determined by their ends or consequences; actions are right or wrong according to the balance of their good and bad consequences.

Consequentialism

15

Obligations placed on individuals, groups, and institutions by reason of the so-called moral bond of our interdependence with others.

Duties

16

Situations requiring moral judgment between two or more equally problem-fraught alternatives; two or more competing moral norms are present, creating a challenge about what to do.

Ethical Dilemmas

17

Gross violation of commonly held standards of decency or human rights

Ethical Outrage

18

Bodies of systematically related moral principles used to resolve ethical dilemmas

Ethical Theories

19

Systematic study of rightness and wrongness of human conduct and character as known by natural reason.

Ethics

20

Ethical reflections that emphasize an intimate personal relationship value system that includes such virtues as sympathy, compassion, fidelity, discernment, and love.

Ethics of care

21

Equitable, fair, or just conduct in dealing with others.

Justice

22

Regulations established by government and applicable to people within a certain political subdivision.

Laws

23

Rights of individuals or groups that are established and guaranteed by law

Legal rights

24

Basis for rights-based ethical theory; each individual is protected and allowed to pursue personal projects

Liberal individualism

25

General, universal guides to action that are derived from so-called basic moral truths that should be respected unless a morally compelling reason exits not to do so; also referred to as ethical principles

Moral Principles

26

Rights of individuals or groups that exist separately from governmental or institutional guarantees; usually asserted based on moral principles or rules

Moral Rights

27

Statements of right conduct governing individual actions

Moral Rules

28

Generally accepted customs, principles, or habits of right living and conduct in a society and the individuals practice in relation to these

Morals

29

Belief that actions themselves, rather than consequences, determine the worth of actions; actions are right or wrong according to the morality of the acts themselves

Non-consequentialism

30

Ethical principle that places high value on avoiding harm to others; A moral principle that describes the radiographers aspiration to do no harm.

Non-maleficence