Exam 3 - Chapter 13+14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 3 - Chapter 13+14 Deck (13)
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1

Foundation on which a body rests or stands; when people stand, their feet and the space between that define the base of support.

Base of support

2

a branch of science that applies the laws of physics to living creatures; a component of physics, the laws of Newtonian mechanics, applied to living bodies at rest and in motion

Boimechanics

3

hypothetical point around which all mass appears to be concentrated

Center of Gravity

4

muscles that are found in the four extremities and that are designed for movement

Mobility muscles

5

what are 3 examples are Mobility muscles ?

1. Biceps formoris
2. Biceps brachii
3. gastrocnemius

6

muscles that support the torso and are designed to provide postural stability

Stability muscles

7

what are 3 examples of Stability muscles?

1. latissimus dorsi
2. abdominal group
3. erector spinae

8

what are 4 types of wheelchair transfers?

Standby assist
assisted standing pivot
two-person lift
hydraulic lift

9

a sudden drop in blood pressure in the brain when a person stands up quickly from a sitting or supine position, causing the oxygen in the brain to drop and the person to become dizzy and prone to falling.

Orthostatic Hypotension

10

If a patient has the ability to transfer from a wheelchair to a table on their own what type transfer is this?

Standby Assist Transfer

11

if a patient cannot transfer themselves independently but can bear weight on their legs what type of transfer technique should be used ?

Assisted Standing Pivot Transfer

12

if a patient cannot bear weight on their lower extremities what type of transfer technique should be used?

Two-person lift

13

if a patient is too heavy and unable to transfer themselves what type of transfer should be used?

Hydraulic lift techniques