EXAM 1: Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

Industrial Organizational Psychology > EXAM 1: Chapter 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in EXAM 1: Chapter 5 Deck (20):
1

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Title VII, protects group: Race, Gender, Religion, Color, and Origin applied to ALL personnel functions

2

Americans with Disabilities Act

Protects those with physical or mental impairments that limit one or more major life functions, requires reasonable accommodation from employer

3

Age Discrimination in Employment Act

1967, protects people aged 40 and over

4

Adverse Impact

Disparate Impact. Treatment same for all groups but one group is affected by the treatment differently

5

Disparate Treatment

Treating member of protected group differently from other applicants

6

Diversity-Validity Dilemma

Organizations being unable to both higher the best people for the job and also fulfill diversity requirements.

7

Major Court Cases

Grigg’s Burden

Burden of proving the fairness of a test rests with the employer.

Deference of Law

EEOC “Uniform Guidelines” have the effect of law.

Reverse Discrimination

One does not have to be a minority to be the victim of illegal discrimination.

Cost Matters

Cost can be considered in selecting alternative selection procedures.

8

BFOQ (Bona Fide Occupational Qualification)

Discrimination is permitted by law if it can be shown to be a BFOQ:
“Reasonably necessary to the normal operation” of the business
In previous cases, has NOT applied to:
“Women are lower performers”
“Women are less aggressive”
“Customers prefer female flight attendants”

9

Affirmative Action

A social policy aimed at reducing effects of prior discrimination.
Goals:
Correct present inequities
Compensate past inequities
Provide role models
Promote diversity

10

Recruitment

How you go about recruiting people to work for you, generally followed by tests to make sure person is qualified. Can be recruited in a variety of ways including all different kinds of media and face-to-face in person meetings

11

Model of Personal Decisions

see model on page 150

12

Regression Analysis

run regression to see correlation

13

Multiple Regression Analysis

See correlation between one and multiple variables

14

Validity Genralization

How valid your test or anything is across all businesses of the same or similar type

15

Predictor Cutoff

Score which is a cutoff for who passes or fails

16

Selection Ratio

How many applicants selected compared to openings in the work place

17

Base Rate

Percentage of employees currently performing adequately at their job

18

Cutoff Scores

A score that is the cutoff for a certain test or predictor

19

banding

Putting a group of scores together so that they are equal such as 90-95 being the same score

20

Test Utility

Economic value of using the test, also in replacing someone and spending "less" money to do so, so it is more effective.