Exam 1: Chapter 7- Organizational Design Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1: Chapter 7- Organizational Design Deck (25)
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1
Q

Organizational Design

A

The formal systems, levers, and decisions an organization adopts or employs in pursuit of its strategy

2
Q

Division of Labor

A

the manner in which work in a firm is divided among employees

3
Q

Organizers

A

Those who believe that more control is warranted in organizational design to ensure that jobs are performed satisfactorily and efficiently

4
Q

Bureaucratic Approach

A

an extreme form of organizational control in which systems are highly formalized and are characterized by extensive rules, procedures, policies, and instructions

5
Q

Extreme control is seen within the….

A

Bureaucratic approach

6
Q

Behaviorists

A

those who support a more open organizational structure where roles and responsibilities are loosely defined

7
Q

Clan Approach

A

a type of organizational control that includes self-supervising teams that are responsible for a set of tasks

8
Q

Organizational Structure

A

the pattern of organizational roles, relationships, and procedures that enable coordinated action among employees

9
Q

Functional Structure

A

A structure that organizes a firm in terms of the main activities that need to be performed, such as production, marketing, sales, and accounting

10
Q

Division Sturcutre

A

a structure that groups diverse functions into separate divisions

11
Q

Matrix Structure

A

a structure where both divisional and functional managers have equal authority in the organization
combines both aspects

12
Q

The Organizational Structure’s three primary functions

A

1) Allows a firm to perform a variety of activities by diving the firm’s labor force according to tasks and functions
2) Allows the members of a firm to coordinate their activities through mechanisms such as supervision, formal rules and procedures, plans and budgets, training and socialization
3) defines the borders of a firm and its relationships with both the business environment and other firms

13
Q

The functional structure works very well for….

A

small businesses with a limited number of products or services

14
Q

Functional organizational structures are best suited for….

A

competitive situations where the most important aspect of competition is efficiency of production or functional expertise

15
Q

One main weakness of functional organizational structure is…

A

its inability to deal with changes in the business environment

16
Q

Network Structure

A

a structure where “knowledge workers” are organized to work as individual contributors or to be a part of a work cluster that provides a certain expertise for the organization

17
Q

Decision rights

A

Rights that include initiating, approving, implementing, and controlling various types of strategic or tactical decisions

18
Q

Delegation

A

the process by which managers transfer decision rights to individual employees

19
Q

Centralized organization

A

an organizational structure characterized by formal structures that control employee behavior by concentrating decisions in a top-down, hierarchical fashion

20
Q

Decentralized Organization

A

an organizational structure where key decisions are made at all levels of the firm, not mandated form the top

21
Q

Centralized organizations tend to be…

A

larger and older, exist in more mature industries, often imposes a rigid structure that constrains employees’ activity

22
Q

Mutual Adaptation

A

the process by which firms impact the nature of their overarching industrial environment and adapt their organization in response to evolving contextual factors

23
Q

Four stages in a business’ “life cycle”

A

Start-up, growth, maturity, and decline

24
Q

Recently, firms’ have been more customer focused with four specific activities into their organizational design

A

Coordination, cooperation, capability development, connection (with external partners)

25
Q

Silos

A

a functional or divisional unit that operates by its own rules and guidelines and does not openly share information with other units