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Flashcards in Exam 1 Review Deck (51):
1

Which kingdom contains mostly autotrophic organisms?

Plantae

2

Which kingdoms contain only heterotrophic organisms?

Fungi and Animalia

3

Which kingdoms comprise of only multicellular organisms?

Plantae and Animalia

4

Which kingdom contains only organisms that don't have flagella?

Fungi

5

Which kingdom contains only organisms that don't have cell walls?

Animalia

6

Which kingdom contains organisms that have a cell wall made of chitin?

Fungi

7

Which kingdoms contain organisms that have cell walls made of cellulose?

Protista and Plantae

8

Which kingdoms contain organisms that have cell walls made of carbohydrates?

Monera, Protista, Fungi, and Plantae

9

Which kingdoms have organisms that contain mitochondria?

Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia

10

Which kingdom consists of Prokaryotes?

Monera

11

Which kingdoms comprise of Eukaryotes?

Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia

12

Do Prokaryotes or Eukaryotes contain DNA?

both do

13

Do Prokaryotes or Eukaryotes contain ribosomes (60s)?

neither do (pro=70s euk=80s)

14

Do Prokaryotes or Eukaryotes perform cellular respiration?

both do

15

Do Prokaryotes or Eukaryotes use mitochondria to synthesize energy needed by making ATP?

neither do

16

Do Prokaryotes or Eukaryotes contain ribosomes (80s)?

Eukaryotes

17

Can Prokaryotes or Eukaryotes be heterotrophic?

both can

18

Can Prokaryotes or Eukaryotes be autotrophic?

both can

19

Does a plant or animal cell contain a phylum?

animal

20

Does a plant or animal cell contain a dictyosome?

plant

21

Does a plant or animal cell contain a thylakoid?

plant

22

Does a plant or animal cell contain a vesicle?

both

23

Does a plant or animal cell contain a vacuole?

plant

24

Does a plant or animal cell contain a plasma membrane?

both

25

Does a plant or animal cell contain a ribosome (70s)?

neither

26

Does a plant or animal cell do cell division?

plant

27

Does a plant or animal cell contain a golgi body?

animal

28

Does a plant or animal cell contain a glyoxysome?

plant

29

Does a plant or animal cell contain a cell wall?

plant

30

What did Whittaker propose?

the 5 kingdoms that we currently use

31

What is a lumen?

the center of a tube

32

What are all biological membranes made out of?

lipids and proteins

33

nucleus

cellular control and heredity

34

nucleolus

produces sub unites of ribosomes

35

nuclear envelope

surrounds the nucleus, controls the passage of macromolecules but not of water

36

cytoplasm

cyclosis (stuff flowing through cell)

37

plasma membrane

controls what enters and leaves the cell

38

rough endoplasmic reticulum

first site of protein modification

39

golgi body/dictyosome

final site for protein modification and packaging

40

mitochondria

cellular respiration

41

smooth endoplasmic reticulum

processes lipids

42

lysosome/glyoxysome/peroxisome

waste removal (contains digestive enzymes)

43

ribosome

synthesizes proteins

44

flagellum/cilium

moves liquid past the cell, enabling it to swim in many cases

45

vesicle

cellular envelopes use to transport materials

46

cytoskeleton

forms a framework for movement around the cell, little tubes (protein microfilaments, intermediate filaments, and microtubules)

47

chloroplast (thylakoids inside)

photosynthesis

48

basal body

a protein structure found at the base of the cilium or flagellum, responsible for growing microtubules

49

centrioles

the things that make up the basal body, anchoring sites for proteins that anchor microtubules

50

cell wall

physical barrier, permeable to water

51

vacuole

helps with turgor pressure, holds waste and pigments