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Flashcards in Cumulative Study Deck (7):
1

What are the differences between DNA and RNA?

1. ribose instead of deoxyribose in RNA
2. uracil replaces thymine in RNA, A=U
3. RNA is mostly single stranded (tRNA has small areas that are double stranded)
4. RNA is complementary to a DNA template

2

In genetics, what is a promoter?

a region of DNA that initiates the transcription of a particular gene

3

Where does the promoter bind to begin transcription?

the initiation site

4

What is RNA polymerase responsible for?

producing the primary transcript RNA (RNAP constructs RNA chains using DNA genes as templates, a process called transcription)

5

All RNA molecules begin with the codon ____.

AUG

6

Each codon dictates a specific ____.

amino acid

7

Describe the "initiation" phase of transcription.

jk