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ANT 2410 - Cultural Anthropology > Exam 1 - Review > Flashcards

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1

___________ is the study of culture and what makes us human.

Anthropology

2

What are the four primary subfields of anthropology?

-Cultural
-Linguistic
-Biological
-Archeological

3

What is cultural relativism?

Viewing other culture's from the native's point of view

4

What is ethnocentrism?

The belief that your culture is better/greater than any other culture

5

________ ________ is the opposite of ethnocentrism

Cultural relativity

6

What is tacit culture?

Subconscious (ex: body language, distance people stand when talking)

7

What is explicit culture?

Conscious, culture that is *taught*, expressed and spoken of, and anything you can be disciplined in. (ex: folklore and dress code)

8

As soon as you speak of tacit culture, it becomes ______ culture.

explicit

9

What are the two main/central principles of modern ethnography or socio-cultural anthropology?

1) Doing fieldwork
2) Being culturally relative

10

What's the significance of exoticism?

It's a way of...
-framing and contextualizing something, can change the way you think of a particular people.
-seeing other people as different from you

11

Naïve realism (because nice girls don’t talk to Rastas – at least be relatively familiar with the story):

Particular American naiveté, class structure.
Joanna believed that everyone was equal. She didn't pay attention to the cultural differences.

12

Early models of cultural evolutionism and "armchair anthropology":

Didn't do fieldwork, 19th or 20th century scholars coming to conclusions without fieldwork or lab work

13

Lewis Henry Morgan and his "Ethical Periods"

He was an ________ anthropologist and came up with the model of ________ ________ ________.

armchair anthropologist

linear cultural evolution

14

What are the three ethical periods?

Explain the significance/problems with this model.

Savagery --> Barbarism --> Civilization

-Very ethnocentric model
-We can't evaluate culture based on these scales. We have to go out and do research
-It was originally an anti-racist model --> problem because it creates white man's burden, "3rd/2nd/1st" world, and "underdeveloped --> Politically correct term."
-When people say "the developing world," it is very offensive because they're saying, "this developing country is poor and underdeveloped and aren't developed like us."

-We are missing, "why do these countries have problems?"
-We *erase their history* when we say, "they aren't developed like us."

15

Who is the Father of American modern cultural anthropology?

Franz Boas

16

Franz Boas studied with the ________ and established __________.

Kwakiutl
ethnography

17

Who is the Father of British modern social anthropology?

Bronislaw Malinowski

18

Bronislaw Malinowski was stuck on the __________ Island and studied _______ ______.
Stressed long-term _________ observation.

Trobriand Island
fishing magic
participant

19

_______ is a better term/more politically correct than witchcraft.

Sorcery

20

A ________ is someone using magic for malicious intent.

sorcerer

21

Sorcery helps explain ___________ events.

unfortunate

22

Sorcery is an ________ system.

explanatory

23

____ ______ argued that magic in general is used to explain unfortunate events.

Even Pritchard

24

Baseball magic vs. Fishing magic...

Magic comes into play when there's more ____ and less ability of ______.

more risk, less control

25

Lagoon fishing is to _______ as deep sea fishing is to _______/________. Less predictability, more ______.

Lagoon fishing is to *fielding* as deep sea fishing is to hitting/pitching

risk

26

Assumptions about life, death, the world, and how we fit into the world is known as a _________.

worldview

27

_______ is the belief in the superhuman.

Religion

28

_______ is the belief that everything has a soul/spirit. Living in a spiritual world.

Animism

29

The movement of how culture changes is known as the _________ movement.

revitalization

30

What are the stages of the revitalization movement? SSCRO

1) General satisfaction
2) Stress
3) Cultural disorder
4) Revitalization
5) Overall more satisfaction