Flashcards in Exam 1 - Review Deck (79)
___________ is the study of culture and what makes us human.
What are the four primary subfields of anthropology?
What is cultural relativism?
Viewing other culture's from the native's point of view
What is ethnocentrism?
The belief that your culture is better/greater than any other culture
________ ________ is the opposite of ethnocentrism
What is tacit culture?
Subconscious (ex: body language, distance people stand when talking)
What is explicit culture?
Conscious, culture that is *taught*, expressed and spoken of, and anything you can be disciplined in. (ex: folklore and dress code)
As soon as you speak of tacit culture, it becomes ______ culture.
What are the two main/central principles of modern ethnography or socio-cultural anthropology?
1) Doing fieldwork
2) Being culturally relative
What's the significance of exoticism?
It's a way of...
-framing and contextualizing something, can change the way you think of a particular people.
-seeing other people as different from you
Naïve realism (because nice girls don’t talk to Rastas – at least be relatively familiar with the story):
Particular American naiveté, class structure.
Joanna believed that everyone was equal. She didn't pay attention to the cultural differences.
Early models of cultural evolutionism and "armchair anthropology":
Didn't do fieldwork, 19th or 20th century scholars coming to conclusions without fieldwork or lab work
Lewis Henry Morgan and his "Ethical Periods"
He was an ________ anthropologist and came up with the model of ________ ________ ________.
linear cultural evolution
What are the three ethical periods?
Explain the significance/problems with this model.
Savagery --> Barbarism --> Civilization
-Very ethnocentric model
-We can't evaluate culture based on these scales. We have to go out and do research
-It was originally an anti-racist model --> problem because it creates white man's burden, "3rd/2nd/1st" world, and "underdeveloped --> Politically correct term."
-When people say "the developing world," it is very offensive because they're saying, "this developing country is poor and underdeveloped and aren't developed like us."
-We are missing, "why do these countries have problems?"
-We *erase their history* when we say, "they aren't developed like us."
Who is the Father of American modern cultural anthropology?
Franz Boas studied with the ________ and established __________.
Who is the Father of British modern social anthropology?
Bronislaw Malinowski was stuck on the __________ Island and studied _______ ______.
Stressed long-term _________ observation.
_______ is a better term/more politically correct than witchcraft.
A ________ is someone using magic for malicious intent.
Sorcery helps explain ___________ events.
Sorcery is an ________ system.
____ ______ argued that magic in general is used to explain unfortunate events.
Baseball magic vs. Fishing magic...
Magic comes into play when there's more ____ and less ability of ______.
more risk, less control
Lagoon fishing is to _______ as deep sea fishing is to _______/________. Less predictability, more ______.
Lagoon fishing is to *fielding* as deep sea fishing is to hitting/pitching
Assumptions about life, death, the world, and how we fit into the world is known as a _________.
_______ is the belief in the superhuman.
_______ is the belief that everything has a soul/spirit. Living in a spiritual world.
The movement of how culture changes is known as the _________ movement.