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Dorthea Dix

Philanthropist and social reformer, traveled throug out the United States observing care given to the "insane" and was appalled. Dix was successful in raising public awareness about the problems of people with mental illness, and her work set the tone for an era of significant reform during the mid 1800's.


Elizabethan Poor Law

Attempted to codify earlier legislation as well as establish a national policy regarding the poor. The Elizabethan Poor Law delineated categories of assistance, a practice retained in our current social welfare legislation. Individuals considered to be worthy and the able bodied poor.


Hull house

Established by Jane Addams in 1889 in one of the worst slum neighborhoods of Chicago. By addressing the problems of deficient housing, low wages, child labor, juvenile delinquency and disease.


Jane Addams

Social worker, instrumental in creating the settlement house movement as a resource for preparing immigrants to live in a new society.


Based on "need" and was not established as a right earned through employment.

Public assistance



Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Budget Reconciliation Act of 1996.
-Each state was charged with administering various assistance programs, including AFDC.


List the differences between indoor and outdoor relief.

Indoor relief
-When someone is institutionalized.
-Taken out of home and placed in facility.
-Alms housing-- provides labor housing.
Outdoor relief
-Provided cash assistance for 1st time.
-Allowed individuals to stay in own home.


List important facts about the Charity Organization Society (COS)

-Guided by separating deserving from undeserving.
-Believed in work-- deserving poor
-Stressed importance of individual assessment and a coordinated plan of service.


May include more than one individual, such as family or a group of adults with disabilities.

Client System


Moral duty, or product of values.



When a social worker's effort is aimed at working directly with individuals or families, this process is called what?

Direct practice


Multidisciplinary teams- who is involved and the purpose of these teams.

-Pastoral Counselors
-School and Rehabilitation Counselors
-Employment Counselors
-Nurse Practitioners
-Attorneys at law
---- Purpose of these teams: Meet to determine what the client's strengths and needs are, how best to maximize the strength to address the identified needs, and who should be involved in addressing which needs.


A practice method designed to develop personality through adjustments consciously effected, individual by individual, between (persons) and their environment.

Social casework


Testing to help diagnose problems and provide helpful information to social workers and other professionals about clients and their functioning, which may not be readily observable during a client interview.

Psychometric instruments


The process of learning to become a social being; the acquisition of knowledge, values, abilities, and skills that are essential to function as a member of the society within which the individual lives.



List levels of education for a social work student?

-LBSW Licensed Baccalaureate Social Worker
-LMSW Licensed Master Social Worker
-LCSW Licensed Clinical Social Worker


Is a umbrella framework used by generalist social work practitioners to understand both social welfare problems and individual needs and to guide the various interventions that social workers use when helping clients.

Ecological/Systems theories Framework


A whole, an entity composed of separate but interacting interdependent parts.



The combined energy from the smaller parts that is greater than the total if those parts were to function separately



A system whos boundaries are permeated easily.

Open System


A system with a boundary that is difficult to permeate; such systems are usually unreceptive to outsiders.

Closed System


Constant adjustment of a system moving toward its goal while maintaining order and stability within.

Steady State


The idea that the final state of a system can be achieved in many different ways.



The fit between a person's needs, rights, goals, and capacities and the physcial and social environment within which the person functions.

Person-Environment fit


An approach to social work that focuses on the strengths of the client system and the broader environment within which it functions rather than on the deficiencies.

Strengths Perspective


Ability to recover or adapt successfully to adversity



A process to help others increase their personal, interpersonal, or political power so they can take action themselves to improve their lives.



Fairness and equity with regard to basic civil and human rights protections, resources, and opportunities and social benefits.

Social and Economic Justice


Levels of the environment

Microsystem level
Mesosystem level
Exosystem level
Macrosystem level


The level of social environment that includes the individual, including intra-psychic characteristics and past life experiences, and all the persons and groups in his or her day to day environment.

Microsystem level