Exam 1b Flashcards Preview

Clinical Assessment Exam 1 > Exam 1b > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1b Deck (273)
Loading flashcards...
1

Which part of the ear is responsible for equalization of pressure on both sides of tympanic membrane?

Middle ear

2

type of skin lesion: solar lentigines

macule

3

What kind of tuning fork do you use for Rinne Test?

512 hz

4

photophobia

experience of discomfort or pain to the eyes due to light exposure

5

Secondary skin lesion that is:

  • below the skin plane
  • loss of superficial epidermis
  • no bleeding
  • surface moist

erosion

6

Patient is absent red reflex. Name one possible cause?

Retinal Detachment

7

type of skin lesion: impetigo

primary: pustule

Secondary: crusting

8

When internally examining the nose, which speculum should you use with the otoscope?

large speculum

9

cyst

Primary skin lesion that is:

  • palpable
  • filled with semiliquid material or fluid

10

How do you test Extra Ocular Movements?

"H-method": Move finger in 6 cardinal positions

11

type of skin leasion: striae

atrophy

12

You perform a Rinne test on the RIGHT ear. Patient is able to hear the tuning fork when it is pressed against the mastoid bone level with the ear canal. Once they stop hearing it there, you bring it forward (shape of U). Patient cannot hear it. Interpret.

This means BC=AC, or BC>AC in the right ear.

  • The right ear is affected
  • The patient has conductive hearing loss (CHL)

13

Primary skin lesion that is:

  • palpable
  • elevated
  • solid
  • <1.0 cm

papule

14

otalgia

ear pain

15

Hearing pathway: what is the sensorineural phase?

Inner ear and cochlear functions

16

Type of skin lesion that is:

  • elevated
  • grows beyond wound boundaries
  • the result of an overgrowth of dense fibrous tissue that usually develops after healing of a skin injury.

keloid

17

Medial crescentic shadow

A test of the Iris-this is an abnormal finding

Note: Since the iris is normally fairly flat and forms a relatively open angle with the cornea, this lighting should cast no shadow.

18

tympanosclerosis

condition caused by calcification of tissues in the middle ear, sometimes resulting in a detrimental effect to hearing.

19

Interpret visual acuity result of 20/40

Patient able to read line @20 feet; person with normal eyesight able to read line @40 feet

20

type of skin lesion: hives

wheal

21

TM perforation

A hole in the tympanic membrane (the tissue that separates the ear canal from the middle ear).

22

How do you assess gross (acoustic) hearing? Which cranial nerve are you testing?

CN VIII (vestibulococchlear)

Whispered Voice Test

  1. Patient covers one ear
  2. Stand 1-2 feet away
  3. Whisper alpha-numeric, have patient repeat back
  4. Test both sides

23

Typanostomy tube

a small tube inserted into the eardrum in order to keep the middle ear aerated for a prolonged period of time, and to prevent the accumulation of fluid in the middle ear.

24

type of skin lesion: seborrhea

scaling

25

Primary skin lesion that is:

  • Elevated
  • Palpable
  • Fluid-filled cavity
  • <1.0 cm
  • Filled with serous fluid

 

vesicle

26

Type of skin lesion that is:

  • vascular
  • 1-3 mm
  • bright or ruby red
  • partial blanching
  • Smooth to slightly raised

cherry angioma

27

icterus

Jaundice

28

For external eye inspection, what kind of lighting should you use? What will you be able to see?

Use oblique lighting

(1) Cornea & (2) Lens

29

Secondary skin lesion that is:

  • Above the skin plane
  • flaky
  • exfoliated skin
  • thick or thin
  • dry or greasy

Scaling

30

pruritis

itchy skin that makes you want to scratch