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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (46)
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1

5 Topics of Rhetoric

Invention
Disposition
Style
Memory
Delivery

2

The Rhetoric: Book 1

Getting Started with invention

3

The Rhetoric: Book 2

Definition of Rhetoric (Still invention)

4

The Rhetoric: Book 3

Disposition, Style, & Delivery

5

Who wrote The Rhetoric

Aristotle

6

What was the original state of The Rhetoric?

NOT divided into sections. Just 1 big scroll. Probably 2 separate works.

7

Why does Aristotle leave Athens?

To teach Alexander

8

Similarities between Dialectic & Rhetoric

Both based in probability

9

Characteristics of Dialectic

Questions & Answer process
Organized by PROOFS
Proof used is LOGOS
BASED in general issues & observation (human logic)

10

Characteristics of Rhetoric

Continuous exposition
Organized by Proem, narration, conf/ref, and peroration
Proof used in Logos, pathos, and ethos
BASED in specific judgement

11

Plato's view of Dialectic

Leads to the ultimate truth

12

Socrates view of Dialectic

Rhetoric is the counter part to dialectic. It is scientific certainty vs. probability

13

3 types of Speeches

Forensic
Deliberative

14

Deductive Logic

general info to specific *Don't have to state common knowledge

15

Syllogism

Major Premise

16

Why is Rhetoric Useful?

Corrective
Instructive
Suggestive
Defensive

17

Corrective

Correct misunderstandings

18

Instructive

Teach the audience something

19

Suggestive

Suggested persuasion

20

Defensive

Defend against false claims of others.

21

Rhetoric

Not to persuade but to discover the available means of persuasion

22

Pistis

Proof

23

2 Types of Proof

Non-artistic & artistic

24

Non-artistic Proof

Witnesses
Testimony of slaves under torture
Contract
GIVEN to a rhetor

25

Artistic Proof

Logos
Pathos
Ethos
BUILT by the speaker

26

Material Topoi

Past Fact
Future Fact
Magnitude/degree
Possible/impossible
*APPLY TO EVERY TOPIC

27

Formal Topoi (28)

Opposites
Different grammatical forms
Correlatives
More & Less
Time
Turn what's said against oneself toward another
Definition
Varied meaning of words
Division
Induction
From a previous Judgement
From the parts
Consequence
Contrasting through opposites (binary oppositio)
Done in open vs. done in secret
Consequences by analogy
Same result from the cause
Not choosing same thing before & after
Purpose is a cause
What turns the mind in favor or against
Thought to have taken place but implausible
Contradictions
Cause of false impression
Cause & effect
Better plan
Look @ what is done & the contrary about to be
Accuse/ defend on the basis of mistakes
Meaning of names

28

Pericles

MOST famous speaker

29

Paradigms

Use when enthemyms not available

30

Logos

Logical