Flashcards in Exam 1 cont. Deck (54)
The art of Rhetoric taught by sophists
The laws & values of different Polis'
Speech of praise
Corax & Tsias
Teacher & student from sicily. Created an organizational structure for rhetoric (Proem, narration, conf/ref, & peroration) as well as the Doctrine of Probability.
Thesis of Encomium to Helen
Helen is not guilty
4 reasons Helen is innocent
Fate, Love, Persuasion, and Force
What is Encomium to Helen really about?
Where does the Gorgias take place?
Conversation (Philosopher to Student)
Philosopher to Philosopher. Focus on collection and division of arguments.
Sophists to the masses. Provides the audience with what is pleasurable but no good. Does not lead to Truth and is not based on knowledge of the soul.
Important value to a city state
Main question of Gorgias?
Is rhetoric good or bad?
Student in the Gorgias
Plato on decision makers
Thinks they are uninformed and not users of dialectic. Their choices are too based in opinion.
Physis v. Nomoi
Nature v. Convention
Dialectic & the audience
Conversation allows for clarity. Leads audience closer to the good.
Philosopher to the masses. Ethical and related to knowledge, power, and politics. Based on a knowledge of souls and seeks to show others knowledge of the good.
Socrates on Oratory
Oratory does not lead us closer to the Truth. It is quick with an immediate response and unjust rather than carefully thought out. Prefers Discussion. Knack, flattery, and cookery. Gives what is pleasing not what is good.
Socrates on Discussion
Discussion is long & drawn out. It is also just & carefully considered. It brings us closer to the Truth.
Is is worse to do something unjust or have something unjust done to you?
Worse to do something unjust because you're consciously doing something wrong.
What is worse than doing something unjust?
Acting unjustly and not being punished because you'll continue the unjust behavior.
Examine power, temperance, & virtue. Good orators instill these in an audience.