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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (15):
1

Pulse pressure

Difference in systolic and diastolic pressure
120/80 BP=Pulse pressure of 40

2

Lung collapse symptoms

Fine crackles occasionally

3

What triggers inhalation in normal people?

Hypercarbia

4

What triggers inhalation in COPD pts?

Hypoxemia

5

Increased distance between ribs, >2 fingerbreadths

Emphysema, Increased residual lung volume

6

Why give elderly client w/ ineffective airway clearance a lot of water?

Increased fluid volume helps eliminate residue

7

In pregnancy, the uterus elevates the diaphragm how much?

4 cm

8

Flatness heard over the base of the lungs indicates what?

Pleural Effusion

9

Decreased alveolar surface occurs with what?

Old age

10

The fetus increases oxygen demands, which are met by what?

Increased tidal volume

11

In older adults, costal cartilages become calcified. This decreases vital capacity which increases what?

Residual volume

12

Occupational lung dzs

Pneumoconiosis

13

Sign of pneumothorax

Trachea deviation

14

RBC count indicates what?

Hemoglobin levels

15

ABG indicates what?

Oxygenation and alveolar ventilation