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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (182)
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1

What Disease in swine can survive for long periods of time in the environment and resist heat up to 157 degrees, survivng for up to 2 years in dried, salted, or smoked meat

Swine Vesicular Disease 

1

What three ways can Humans become infected with Anthrax?

Inhalation of spores

Ingestion of spores

Cutaneous route

1

Humans can get Toxoplasma via ingestion of tissue bradyzoites in undercooked meat, mainly _____

Pork

*Bradyzoites in the undercooked meat of the intermediate hosts- Mainly PORK

1

Women who are infected with _____ while they are pregnant can lead to still birth and miscarrages, as well as being transferred to the fetus leading to congential abnormalities

Toxoplasma

*Clinical signs in the baby are much worse the earlier the women is infected during pregnancy

1

True/False: Raccoons shed up to 45 million Roundworm eggs per day  and a low infectious dose is needed to infect other species

True

1

Echinococcus Species that leads to Alveolar Cyst disease and leads to multilobular small cysts mainly in the liver and lungs

Echinococcus Multilocularis

1

Reservoirs for all species of Echinococcus are _____

Canids

1

Oriental Rat flea that is very important as Vector of the Plague

Xenopsylla Cheopis

1

Most Virulent Equine Encephalitis that begins with fever and lethargy that progresses to neurological disease including seizures 

Eastern Equine Encephalitis

1

What are the three classically Milk-Borne Bacteria?

Brucella

Coxiella Burnetii

Mycobacterium Bovis

1

______ Protects urban populationf from Coxiella Burnetii, but not animal workers

Pasteurization

2

True/False: If a prengant woman wants to get a cat, you should suggest and adult cat rather than a kitten because the adult is less likely to be shedding Toxoplasma

True

2

What can humans get by ingesting an infected flea?

Dipylidium Caninum

3

Most Pathogenic in the US with regards to Spotted Fever Rickettsia

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

4

How do Carnivores get Bacillus Anthracis?

Eat infected Herbivores

5

Disease in swine caused by Picornaviridae that can survive for long periods of time in the environment

Swine Vesicular Disease

6

Avian species are usually infected with _____ strains of Influenza

Low pathogenicity

7

Blood not clotted

Spores in blood on microscopy

Rapid Bloating

Lack of Rigor Mortis

Blood form Orifices

What disease do these clinical signs portray?

Anthrax in Cattle

7

In what three species can Q fever lead to Anorexia and Abortion

Cattle

Sheep

Goats

7

True/False: To prevent dog bites its best to spay/neuter virtually all dogs

True

8

When you suspect that an animal has died from ____ you do not open up the body, because when the blood is exposed to the air infectious spores will be formed 

Anthrax

8

____% of emerging human infectious disease have originated in animals

75

9

How do cats usually acquire Francisella Tularensis?

Eating infected rodents

9

Equine Encephalitis virus that is cycles between birds and the Culex spp. of Mosquito

Western Equine Encephalitis

9

True/False: The AVMA supports breed bans

False

*Does not support Breed bans- Any breed can bite

10

In what species does Foot and Mouth disease have mild, if any, clinical signs including Fever, lameness and oral lesions 

Sheep and goats

10

True/False: Rinderpest has a low mortality rate

False

*Very high mortality rate

10

True/False: Meat inspection serves to Protect public health, provide consumer confidence, surveillance for animal health problems, and improves access to international export markets

True

11

True/False: Rabies vaccines should be given under the supervision of a Licensed veterinarian

True

12

What two diseases cause Lymphadenopathy in the cervial region of cats?

Plague

Tularemia