Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

Music History > Exam 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (46)
Loading flashcards...
1

Romaticism

Term applied to music of the nineteenth century. Romantic music had looser and more extended forms, greater experimentation with harmony and texture, richly expressive and memorable melodies, improved musical instruments, an interest in music nationalism, and a view of music as a moral force, in which there was a link between the artists’ inner lives and the world around them.

2

Lied, Lieder

Art song with German words, whether monophonic, polyphonic, or for voice with accompaniment; used especially for songs for voice and piano in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

3

Song Cycle

A group of art songs performed in succession that tells or suggests a story.

4

Strophic Form

Of a poem, consisting of two or more stanzas that are equivalent in form and can each be sung to the same melody; of a vocal work, consisting of a strophic poem set to the same music for each stanza.

5

Through-Composed Form

Composed throughout, as when each stanza or other unit of a poem is set to new music rather than in a strophic manner to a single melody.

6

Modified Strophic Form

Variant of strophic form in which the music for the first stanza is varied for later stanzas, or in which there is a change of key, rhythm, character or material.

7

Program music

Instrumental music that tells a story or follows a narrative or other sequence of events, often spelled out in an accompanying text called a program

8

Idée fixe

Term coined by Hector Berlioz for a melody that is used throughout a piece represent a person, thing, or idea, transforming it to suit the mood and situation.

9

Cyclic form

A group of related works, comprising movements of a single larger entity. An example of this is the song cycle of the nineteenth century.

10

Nocturne

Type of short piano piece popular during the romantic period, marked by highly embellished melody, sonorous accompaniment, and contemplative mood.

11

Etude

An instrumental piece designed to develop a particular skill or performing technique. Certain ninettenth-century etudes that contained significant artistic content and were played in concert were called concert etudes.

12

Octatonic scale

A scale that alternates whole and half steps

13

Developing variation

Term coined by Arnold Schoenberg for the process of deriving new themes, accompaniments, and

14

chaconne

Baroque genre derived from the chacona consisting of variations over a basso continuo.

15

Passacaglia

Baroque genre of variations over a repeated bass line or harmonic progression in triple meter.

16

opera seria

Eighteenth-century genre of Italian opera, on a serious subject but normally with a happy ending, usually without comic characters and scenes.

17

opera buffa

Eighteenth-century genre of Italian comic opera, sung throughout

18

bel canto

Elegant Italian vocal style of the early nineteenth century marked by lyrical, embellished, and florid melodies that show off the beauty, agility, and fluency of the singer’s voice.

19

cantabile

1. Songful, lyrical, in a songlike style. 2. In the operatic scene structure developed by Rossini in the early nineteenth century, the first section of an aria or ensemble, somewhat slow and expressing a relatively calm mood.

20

Cabaletto

In the operatic scene structure of the nineteenth century, the last part of an aria or ensemble, which was lively and brilliant and expressed active feelings, such as joy or despair.

21

tempo di mezzo

In the early nineteenth century, the middle section of an aria or ensemble, usually an interruption or a transition, that falls between the cantabile and the cabaletta.

22

tempo di attacca

The first fast movement, following the recitative, in a nineteenth-century operatic aria or duet. It usually contains dialogue and action and leads to a more lyrical and static second movement or section.

23

reminiscence motives

In an opera, a motive, theme, or melody that recurs in a later scene, in order to recall the events and feelings with which it was first associated.

24

French grand opera

A serious form of opera popular during the romantic era that was sung throughout and included ballets, choruses, and spectacular staging.

25

Ballet

In sixteenth and seventeenth-century France, an entertainment in which both professionals and guests dance; later, a stage work danced by professionals.

26

Music Drama

Nineteenth-century genre created by Richard Wagner in which drama and music become so interdependent as to express a kind of absolute oneness.

27

Gesamtkunstwerk

Term coined by Richard Wagner for dramatic work in which poetry, scenic design, staging, action, and music are integrated into one artistic expression.

28

Leitmotif

In an opera or music drama, a motive, theme, or musical idea associated with a person, thing, mood, or idea, which returns in original or altered form throughout.

29

Exoticism

Nineteenth-century trend in which composers sought to evoke the perceived glamour and strangeness of distant lands and foreign cultures.

30

Nationalism

trend in music in which composers were eager to embrace elements in their music that claimed a national identity