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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (180)
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1

Define Pre-Socratic period of philosophy

Anything before Socrates

2

Define the classical period of philosophy and when was it

450-400 BC during Socrates

3

Define Hellenistic period of philosophy

After Socrates

4

Name the philosopher demonstrating the Ionia tradition what was his idea of study

Thales
Look at things with questions and analyze. Talking about the material rather then the spirit
Was challenged everything is air and fire

5

What was the Pythagorean tradition who created it

Pythagoras
Created Pythagoras theory
The mathematical relationship between things
Relationships to the universe

6

What was the Dionysian tradition who created it

Orphics

7

What was so dominant about the 5th century BCE Athens

A changing society
Democracy= eliminates many aristocrats

8

Education was done by a group of people called________ what did they teach

Sophists
Taught how to answer questions
Were wise the idea of politics

9

Who was Socrates, how did people feel about him

Was a philosopher who disliked the sophists and answered and asked questions of WHY
People didn't like him and was put on trial and killed

10

What did Ionians study vs what did Socrates study

Ionians= cosmopolitan
Socrates= ethics

11

Who was Plato what field did he study

A philosopher who travelled
He studied political philosophy
Said we don't truly see the real
sides to things
Was idealism

12

What did Plato do to change the polis

Created specialties
•king
•citizens
•soldiers
•producers
His ideal polis was a CASTE system

13

Who was Aristotle

A philosopher was platos pupil
Focused on political philosophy wrote the book Politics

14

What is Aristotle often considered

The Golden Mean

15

Who were the 4 Hellenistic philosophers

Pyrroh
Diogenes
Epicurus
Zeno

16

Who were the 3 philosophers of the pre-Socratic period

Thales
Pythagoras
Orphics

17

Who were the 3 philosophers of the classical period (during Socrates)

Socrates
Plato
Aristotle

18

Who was pyrroh

A philosopher who was SKEPTICAL!

19

Who was Diogenes
What was his view

A philosopher who said everything is pointless no need for houses we should live like animals
A cynic view (philosophy for dogs)

20

Who was Epicurus

He was a philosopher who believed the universe was made up of little balls (atoms) that RANDOMLY formed themselves
Everything is random maximize pleasure minimize pain

21

Who was Zeno
What was his view
What Romanian empire believed in Zeno's ways

A philosopher who taught in a Stoa
Stoic= all brothers of each other be the best you can
Marcus Aurelius (1800AD)

22

Describe the land of Rome
What is on the west what is on the east and which river is it on

Similar to Greece
In the east have the Appinanines (mountains)
In the west are plains
On the Tiber river

23

What does Mare Nostrum mean

"Our sea" the sea Rome believed was theirs

24

What was Latium

A large central plain
With good soil (live volcano)
And cattle

25

Where was Rome established (what plain)
When was it established

On Latium
In 753 BCE

26

What does civitas mean?

Like a polis
A city or community
(Civilization)

27

What was the Via Salaria

A road that was a trade route for salt up the Tiber valley

28

What was the Ostia

A port of trade in Rome

29

What was south of Rome

Manga Graecia

30

What was north of Rome

Truscans