Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (18)
What % of BW is water?
1kg= __ L (how does this translate with ml?)
1kg= 1 L
What are the areas of fluid distribution and the relative amounts in each (fraction form)
1) intracellular (2/3 of total)
2) extracellular (1/3 of total)
Extracellular is broken down into:
1) intravascular (1/4 of 1/3 total)
2) interstitial (3/4 of 1/3 total)
Dehydration indicates a deficit in which compartment?
Perfusion= vascular compartment
Give the numbers for shock rates in cats and dogs ("safe combo")
Crystalloids: 90ml/hr, 60ml/hr
Colloids: 20 ml/hr, 10 ml/hr
Hypertonic saline: 4ml/hr (both spp.)
For determining maintenance rate, what number do you multiply to the BW^.75 in dogs and cats?
What is the maximum rate we want to change Na?
0.5 mEq/hr (max= 12mEq/day)
What is the maximum rate we can change K+?
What criteria must be met to classify:
1) severe sepsis
2) septic shock
1) organ dysfunction or hypoperfusion
2) hypoperfusion that's unresponsive to fluid
3) SIRS + infection = sepsis
3 mainstays of treatment for sepsis
1) treat shock
2) antibiotics ASAP (broad spectrum until culture results)
3) control infection source
What differentials should you consider if there is an increased anion gap?
5 mechanisms by which hypoxemia (PaO2 < 80mmHg) can occur
1) decreased inspired O2
3) V/Q mistmatch
5) diffusion defects
When your patient reaches what status should be you begin CPR?
What are your CPR rates:
1) 100-120 bpm
2) 10 breaths/min (every 6 seconds)
What are the 6 perfusion parameters?
2) MM color
4) pulse rate
5) pulse quality
6) distal temp (extremities)
What factors play into cardiogenic shock? (i.e. areas where the problem might be)
What is the equation for determining bicarb replacement in calves?
BW(kg) x 0.5 x base deficit= mEq of bicarb needed
What is the maximum fluid rate for a calf?
What is considered maintenance?