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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (57):

What are the different types of MULTIPLE murder?

Mass, spree, and serial


What are different types of MASS murder? (5)

1. family annihilators
2. pseudo-commandos
3. school shooters
4. Disgruntled employees
5. set and run killers


Charles Joseph Witman 1996

- Killing Spree
- He went on the top of a building with multiple guns and used his military background for deadly shots.
- Autopsy showed tumor in amygdaloid nucleus, which can account for violent personality.


James Oliver Huberty 1984

- Mass Murder.
-"I'm going to hunt humans"
-withdrawn moody youth. Passion for guns. Lost 2 jobs in a row. Tried to reach out for help but mental health office never called back. Told his wife he was going to hunt humans and left to shoot up a McDonalds until he was killed by a police sniper.


John Muhammad and Lee Malvo (the "Beltway Snipers")

- Spree Killing.
-Over 3 months, killed 10 people while they were going about their everyday lives.


Ted Bund

- Serial killer
- killed multiple people over a period of time


What are the developmental aspects of serial killers?

- dysfunctional families with histories of abuse, neglect, and domestic violence.
- paternal abandonment before the child turns 12 is a common factor.
- if the father was present, he was domineering and physically violent
- extremely isolated and lonely in childhood and adolescence
- 81% of serial killers use pornography extensively
- fantasies of power (often lead to an obsession with police work)


What are the PHASES that serial killers go through?

1. aura phase: withdrawal from reality and a heightening of the senses (may abuse alcohol or drugs in this phase)

2. trolling phase: the killer beings to stalk his victim

3. wooing phase: the killer's attempts to win the victim's confidence, often by luring into trap

4. capture phase: the victim is rendered helpless w/o the possibility of escape
- murder phase: the actual ritualized killing of the victim

5. totem phase: killers seek a memento of their kill (body part, clothing, totem, pictures)

6. depression phase: the satisfaction achieved from the killing begins to fade


Visionary type (is psychotic)

(serial killer typology)

often hears voices or sees visions and is driven to kill by these delusions


Mission oriented (is NOT psychotic)

(serial killer typology)

feels a powerful need to rid the world of those regarded as unworthy (two subtypes : god mandated and demon mandated)



(serial killer typology)

gains pleasure from the pure act of killing. People are mere objects to use for the killer's own enjoyment.


Lust killer

(serial killer typology)

motivated by sex, whether the victim is alive or dead


Thrill killer

(serial killer typology)

kills for pure fun of it, which is made greater by inducing pain or terror in the victim and these killers are sadistic and brutal.


Power seeker

(serial killer typology)

desires complete control over the life and death of others.


Organized killer

(serial killer typology)

- Of at least average intelligence and are socially competent. Able to control their emotions during crime and are methodical and well planned in their actions.

-Regarded to be psychopaths. Use mixture of charm, manipulation, intimidation and violence.


Disorganized killer

(serial killer typology)

have below average intelligence and are not socially proficient. They are anxious and often leave evidence and weapons at the crime scene.


The serial killer who labeled himself with the code words: bind them, torture them, kill them was ______

Dennis Rader


Know about Ted Kaczynski's background.

He was a teacher and researcher but shortly after, began to develop schizophrenia, leading to his 1978 terrors of loading packages with explosives and leaving them places. Occurred over 6 years.


Know about Lee Malvo's background.

He was born in the slums of Jamaica.

Malvo looked up to his mom's friend Muhammad like a father figure.

Muhammad trained him like a solider and had him convert to Islam, which lead up to their killings together as the Beltway Snipers. He was sentenced to life in prison without parole.


Revolutionary terrorism

Revolutionary terrorists seek the complete abolition of a political system and its replacement with new structures. (ex: IRA - Irish Republican Army)


Ecoterrorist terrorism

Ecoterrorism is the use of violence against innocent victims by an environmentally oriented, subnational group for environmental-political reasons. (ex: ALF - Animal Liberation Front. Freeing animals from their owners and destruction of property)


What are militias?

the right-wing extremist movement consisting of armed paramilitary groups with an antigovernment, conspiracy-oriented ideology. Considered an extremists group. First planned attack was against Fort Hood, TX in 1997 during the freedom festival. FBI prevented.


Religious imperative type of terror

often lead to more intense acts of violence producing considerably more fatalities than the violence perpetrated by secular terrorists organizations.

Reasons: radically different value systems, mechanisms of legitimization and justification, concepts of morality and worldviews embraced.


Frustration agression type of terror

terrorist behavior is a response to frustrated attempts to meet various political, economic, and personal goals. Sometimes dismissed for being simplistic and based on the naïve assumption that aggression is always a consequence of frustration


Antisocial personality disorder

social alienation, hostility, arrogance, intolerance of criticism, primitive defenses regarding shame, fear of dependency, and a tendency to dehumanize others



tend to be grandiose and to become physically abusive when humiliated or rejected. Frequent perpetrators of domestic violence and violent crimes. (splitting and externalization)



a cognitive distortion where the entire world is guilty of supposed sins or evil.


Religion promoted terrorism of Dehumanization

positive characteristics are attributed to the terrorist group and negative characteristics to members of any other group.


Religion promoted terrorism of Sanctioning

providing a moral justification for terrorists'' actions done in the name of God.


What are two reasons that terrorists use kidnapping and hostage-taking?

to establish a bargaining positon and to elicit publicity.


By helping an officer to use more effective stress coping mechanisms, we will help reduce what else?

likely reliance on alcohol and/or drugs


What is of most importance during a pre-employment psychological screening?

The results should represent a total picture of the individual in regard to his/her appropriateness for the law enforcement ????


Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)

assesses general intelligence as well as various forms of psychological disturbances. The patterns of WAIS scores assists in differentiating between specific disorders.


The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)

validity scales that consist of scales L, F, and K, which detect an individual's inconsistency in response style, admission to extremely pathological symptoms and defensiveness.


California Psychological Inventory (CPI)

primary measures are poise, normative orientation and values, cognitive and intellectual functioning, and role and interpersonal style. *** scale scores on the CPI are related to police trainee' academy performance.


The Wonderlic Personnel Test (WPT):

a short-form test of general cognitive ability and is a measure of the level at which an individual learns, understands instructions, and solves problems. Quantitative look into how easy someone can adjust, adapt, and solve problems


What are the stages of a hostage situation? (5)

1. The primary negotiator, who does most of the active negotiations

2. A secondary negotiator, who monitors negotiations and makes suggestions

3. An intelligence officer, who seeks and organizes incoming information

4 A psychologist, who serves as a consultant, advisor, and an actual negotiator

5. A tactical liaison, who maintains communications with command


What is the Critical Incident Debriefing?

it is incumbent upon police administrators, to ensure that their officers have the tools to cope with critical incidents (any event that has a stressful impact sufficient to overwhelm the usual effective coping skills of an individual).


Henry Classification System

used around the world. Fingerprints had been established as the uniform system of ID and background.


Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS)

1999 FBI developed IAFIS.

Largest biometric database in the world, containing the fingerprints and corresponding criminal history information for more than 55 million subjects. Submitted by state, local, and federal law enforcement agencies.


What are the steps to be taken when collecting fingerprints at a crime scene?

examine all surfaces and objects, photograph or collect all visible fingerprints. To collect: apply fingerprint powder, dust the surface, apply adhesive tape over the print, smooth down tape (particles of fingerprinting powder stick to the sticky surface of the tape, transferring a mirror image of the fingerprint), lift tape carefully and place onto card of a contrasting color.


What is the physiology associated with the vocal cavities?

the vocal cavities are resonators, much like organ pipes, which reinforce some of the overtones produced by the vocal cords.

Very unlikely for 2 people to have vocal cavities the same size and configuration.


What does research demonstrate regarding voice samples?

Memory for brief voice samples is quite poor. Voice samples presented for longer durations are remembered with more accuracy.


Nonscientific profling

relies on intuition, investigative experience, and professional judgement.


Scientific profiling

relies on empirical and scientific methodology


Regarding the identification of suspects, the term modes operandi refers to

a criminal's usual methods of working


Why is it difficult to assess how many victims of serial killers there actually are?

-victims are apart of marginalized groups

-they get rid of victims bodies so that the victim is unrecognizable and the reason for death is not known

-hospital patients or nursing home residents,

-medical murders to make it look like natural causes.


Describe bombings

The most common type of terrorist act.

Improvised explosive devises are inexpensive and easy to make. Roadside and hidden bombs. Letter bombs sent through the mail. Car bombs. Remote-triggered. Suicide bombs.


What motivates terrorists?

"premediated politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational or clandestine groups, usually intended to influence an audience" ???


What is obedience?

people have a strong respect for authority and in some cultures, this is particularly strong. + desire to feel safe and leader that will take control and responsibility = dangerous combination.


What is authoritarianism?

it is associated with: aversions to differences in people, a desire for conformity to prevailing social norms and authority, strict morality, political and social intolerance, aversion to ambiguity, and a desire for clear and explicit authority.


What the definition of police psychology?

The application of psychological principles and methods to law enforcement.


What are the two major ways in which a psychologist helps design a police Academy training program?

- the first is the method of training.

- the second is by designing content of the training.


What are psychologists' two major contributions in hostage situations?

determining their motivation, vulnerabilities, and dangerousness AND suggesting psychological tactics that could defuse the situation.


Why is multiculturalism important when recruiting new officers?

Because failure to promote qualified candidates representative of the diverse population serve by the agency can result in distrust of the police by the community and in aggravation of any tension that may already exist.


What are the two factors involved in voice identification?

- the first lies in the sizes of the vocal cavities

- the second lies in the manner in which the articulators are manipulated during speech.


the underlying theory of the polygraph

The underlying theory of the polygraph is that when people lie, they also get measurably nervous about lying (heartbeat increases, blood pressure rises, breathing changes, etc)