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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (22):
1

The three theoretical perspectives on socialization

• Order
• Conflict
• SI

2

the impact of social isolation

o The Harlow monkey studies
o Anna
o Genie

3

Socialization

the lifelong social experience by which individuals develop their human potential and learn culture

4

Harry and Margaret Harlow

Monkey studies
• Artificial wire mother with a feeding tube
• Artificial mother with terry cloth covering
Harlow’s concluded that baby monkeys benefitted from contact and could recover from as much as three months of isolation. By six months irreversible emotional and behavioral damage.

5

Society’s Socialization agents

Family
Schools
Peer group
Anticipatory Socialization
Media

6

Family

Primary Agent of socialization
Imparts the ways of society
-----The child learns what is important and basic meaning of life from family

7

Schools

prep for adult roles
impersonal
emphasis on order control
------the child learns appropriate skills, traits and attitudes

8

Peer group

members have interests, social position, and age in common
-------the child learns to form social realtionships

9

Anticipatory Socialization

Learning that helps a person achieve a desired position

10

Media

helps us to define sociopolitical reality

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Macro Theoretical Perspectives on Socialization:

Order Perspective
Conflict perspective

12

Order Perspective:

-what we are socialized into is beneficial for society
-we are socialized into the same norms and values so that society (the group) functions well

13

Conflict perspective:

-learn only what those in power want you to
-norms etc. serve those in power
**who enforces order?
**competing interests
**who has the power
**inequality who benefits??


14

Modes of control vary

Small homogeneous societies
-consensus on social values
-informal controls sufficient

In complex society
-groups with different, competing values
-social control more formal

15

TYPES OF SOCIAL CONTROL

Ideological social control
Direct Social Control

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Ideological social control

the attempt to manipulate the consciousness of citizens so that they accept the ruling ideology and refuse to be moved by competing ideologies

17

Agents of ISC

Family, education, religion, media, government
• Control our ways of thinking and feeling
• Control of what we know and dont know
• Individuals impose controls upon themselves


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Direct Social Control

The attempt to punish or neutralize (render powerless) organizations or individuals who deviate from society’s norms.

19

Agents of DSC

welfare, science, medicine, government
(control of physical behavior)
• Forced sterilizations of women (poor, women of color, mentally disabled)
• Tuskeegee syphilis studies
• Forced institutionalization of women

20

Deviance

behavior that does not conform to social expectations (norms)

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Stigma

-a mark of social disgrace
-separates deviants from others

22

Social Foundation of deviance

• Deviance varies according to cultural norms
• People become deviant as others define them that way
• The definition and application of norms reflect power and inequality