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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (31):
1

Low-angle shot

A shot in which the camera looks upward toward the subject

2

Melodrama

A popular narrative form that is characterized by intense emotions and romantic, sensational incidents and that draws strong, vivid distinctions between good and evil

3

Neorealism

“New realism” characterized by location shooting, scripted dialogue that sounds improvised, the use of nonprofessional actors in the majority roles, an emphasis on the everyday struggles of common people and the unvarnished look of non studio reality, the rejection of bourgeois fantasy as well as of Expressionism, and the determination to present the characters in relation to their real social environments and political and economic conditions.

4

New Wave

(1) the sudden appearance, on many fronts, of a host of brilliant films by directors who had not previously made features or whose earlier work had gone unnoticed. (2) Any sudden appearance of many exciting new filmmakers in a country whose films have been unremarkable for a long time.

5

Offscreen

Outside of camera range

6

Parallel montage

Cross-cutting between two or more separate actions(different enough to “collide” when juxtaposed) to imply that they are dramatically or thematically related

7

Persistence of vision

Retinal retention of a bright image that is followed by darkness

8

Post-production

The phase of filmmaking during which picture and sound are augmented and edited into final form, after the conclusion of principal photography.

9

Pre-production

The practical planning phase of filmmaking, including all the work (location scouting, set construction, costume design, etc.) that must be done before shooting can begin.

10

Producer

(1) The person who selects and hires the creative team to write and shoot a film, pays all the costs of filmmaking, owns the finished product, and arranges for the film’s distribution. (3) The studio or production-company executive who authorizes and directly or indirectly supervises the making of a film.

11

Production designer

An art director responsible for designing the complete look of a film, coordinating and integrating its sets, dressings, props, costumes, and color schemes

12

Reverse motion

Action that runs backward, achieved by printing or projecting a shot from last frame to first

13

Scene

(1)A dramatic action or interaction that takes place in a single location (2) A complete unit of action that is capable of being covered in a single shot, regardless of how many shots are actually used to cover it. (3) The shot(s) in which a scene is presented.

14

Score

(1) The original music composed for a film (2) The music arranged for a film

15

Screenwriter

The author or co-author of a screenplay; the artist who first determines the structure, characters, themes, events, and dialogue of a film as as many of its crucial images.

16

Set

(1) A decorated sound stage. (2) An artificially constructed setting, whether interior or exterior. (3) Any site where a movie is shot.

17

Set dressing

(1) Furniture, fixtures, and objects attached to the walls or floor of an interior a set. (2) Integral parts of an exterior set

18

Slow motion

The effect of slowed-down movement, achieved by exposing more than the normal number of frames per second

19

Soundtrack

(1) The final sound composite; all the sounds heard in a film. (2) The optical, digital, or magnetic track(s) in which that composite is stored usually an integral part of the release print.

20

Split screen

Any frame containing two or more separate and distinct frames or images

21

Steadicam

A camera mount, worn by the operator, that allows the camera to remain level even when the operator moves, ensuring extremely smooth handheld traveling shots.

22

Still

A single photograph, taken by a conventional still camera rather than a movie camera.

23

Studio

A large production company with its own lot; ideally, equipped with everything necessary to plan, shoot, edit, mix, and release motion pictures.

24

Subjective sound (Rear Window, The Defiant Ones)

A track that presents what a character hears, does not hear, or imagines hearing

25

Surrealism

An avant-grade movement that sought to pursue within artistic structures that juxtapositions, transitions, and bizarre logic characteristic of dreams and the unconscious.

26

Take

(1) An unedited shot, beginning when the camera starts exposing film and ending when the camera stops. (2) An attempt to photograph a usable shot; the attempts that prove satisfactory are printed

27

Tilt

(1) To pivot the camera upward or downward. (2) A shot within which the camera pivots on a horizontal axis, moving in a vertical plane; a tilting movement. Also known a tilt shot, tilting shot. (3) A shot in which the camera is tilted to the side, so that the top and bottom of the frame are not parallel to the lateral horizontal axis of the set

28

Two- shot

A shot of two people

29

Uncut

Unabridged

30

Voice-over/voice-over narration

A commentating dialogue track (sometimes presented as an interior monologue) that is not being delivered aloud by any onscreen or offscreen indigenous source; instead it is laid “over: the indigenous sounds of the scene

31

Zoom

To adjust the focal length of a zoom lens while the camera is running; also a shot taken while the zoom is being adjusted. As the focal length is shortened.