Chapter 1-4 Flashcards Preview

Intro. To Film > Chapter 1-4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1-4 Deck (45):
1

Anime

Japanese feature-length animated films

2

Art director

The person who designs a movie’s sets and decor

3

Auteur

A filmmaker with a distinctive style and coherent thematic vision that are developed throughout a body of work. French for “author”
Primary creator of a movie, who guides the collaborative filmmaking project so that it expresses his or her creative intentions. Strictly, a director with a distinctive style and vision who also writes and edits the films

4

Blacklist

A list that prohibits the hiring of specific individuals and/or a particular class of people, such as left-wing screenwriters. Also the agreement to enforce such a list

5

Blocking

Planning and rehearsing the positions and movements of the actors and of the camera within a shot or scene

6

Cinematographer

A motion picture photographer; the head of the camera crew

7

Cinema verite

An unscripted documentary in which goths catalyzing presence of the camera, with which the subjects interact, is acknowledged. In most cases the crew is small, sometimes only one person to run the camera and one to record the sound, and the equipment is lightweight

8

Close shot

1. Unlike the far shot, a shot in which the camera is near the subject - or, thanks to a long lens, appears to be near the subject
2. A shot whose field of view is slightly broader than that of the close-up; in terms of the human figure, the head and upper chest might fill the frame

9

Close-up

A shot whose field of view is very narrow; in terms of the human figure, a face or hand might fill the frame

10

Continuity

1. The narrative structure of a film, laid out in sequence; the plot as a string of scenes
2. A list and description(including dialogue) of all the shots in the final version of a film, prepared by the editor; the film as a series of shots. Also known as cutting continuity

11

Crane

1. A vehicle equipped with an arm (or broom); at the end of the arm is a camera platform that can be lifted and moved through the air
2. A lightweight boom that supports a remote-controlled camera

12

Cross-cutting

Cutting back and forth between ongoing actions - usually between scenes that are presented as occurring in different locations at the same time and that are dramatically or thematically related

13

Cult film

A movie, usually but not necessarily weird, with an insatiable devoted following

14

Cut

1. An instantaneous transition from one shot to another, also called a straight cut
2. To splice one shot to another; also the splice itself
3. The way a particular version of a film has been edited, as in the director’s cut
4. The instruction to stop shooting or to end a shot
5. Abridged

15

Deep focus

A visual field that is in sharp focus from foreground to background and whose foreground and background planes appear to be widely separated; often used to accentuate composition in depth

16

Director’s cut

The film as the director would like to see it released; the final version presented to the producer or studio, usually with the contractual understanding that it may be altered without the director’s approval

17

Dissolve

A superimposed fade-out and fade-in; a transitional device in which one image vanishes evenly and gradually while another gradually appears

18

Documentary

A nonfiction film that organizes and presents factual materials to make a point

19

Dubbing

1. Replacing one performer’s voice with that of another
2. Replacing all the performers’ dialogue with dialogue spoken in another language, usually by other performers
3. Re-recording with the same performer, especially when an actor replaces his or her dialogue as recorded during shooting with a new performance, under ideal sound conditions, of the same dialogue
4. Copying or transferring a recording

20

Editing

The art of selecting, trimming, and assembling in order the shots and/or the tracks that make up the finished motion picture

21

Establishing shot

1. A long shot, early in a movie or scene, that shows where the action takes place
2. Any shot that introduces a location

22

Expressionism

1. The artistic movement that held that the look and style of the visible, external universe could take its shape,color, and texture from the artist’s intuition of its essential inner being or from human emotions and sensations
2. The art of rendering inner states as aspects of the outer world
3. Emotionally intense creative distortion

23

Exterior

1. An outdoor shooting location
2. A scene that is set outdoors

24

Extreme close-up

A shot with a very narrow field of view; the camera appears to be extremely close to the subject. In terms of the human figure, an eye or mouth might fill the frame

25

Extreme long shot

A shot with a very broad field of view; the camera appears to be extremely far from the subject. An adult might be less than one tenth the height of the frame.

26

Fade

1. A transitional effect in which the image gradually and evenly disappears into darkness
2. A dissolve to any monochromatic field
3. To effect a fade; to fade out

27

Feature

1. A movie whose running time is an hour or more
2. A theatrical, narrative film that usually lasts over 85 minutes

28

Femme fatale

The seductive woman who is deadly and treacherous

29

Film noir

An American genre of the 1940s and 1950s characterized by sudden violence, tough romantic intensity, deceptive surfaces and emblematic reflections, unsentimental melodrama, narrative complexity, low-key lighting, and themes of entrapment and corruption, honor and duplicity, desire and revenge, compulsion and madness, betrayal and disenchantment, irony, and doom

30

Flashback

A cut to an earlier event, usually followed by a return to the present

31

Flash forward

A cut to a future event, usually followed by a return to the present

32

Frame

1. An individual photograph or picture area on a strip of film
2. The perimeter or boundary line of the picture area
3. In the narrative film, a story or narrative situation within which another story or sequence is bracketed or presented
4. A one-frame length of film

33

Freeze frame

A sudden cessation of movement created by the continual reprinting of the same frame

34

Genre

1. A subcategory of the narrative film, defined by the choice and treatment of subject - mystery, musical, western, and so forth.
2. A particular variety or type of motion picture

35

Hays office

Colloquial name for Hollywood’s bureau of self-censorship, the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America, as administered by its first president

36

High angle shot

A shot in which the camera looks downward toward the subject

37

Independent

1. A film production company not affiliated with the Motion Picture Parents Company
2. A filmmaker who works without studio support or interference and who may distribute the film personally or license it to a company that specializes in alternative, non studio products
3. A producer or small company that makes a film autonomously but that may have a distribution deal with a studio

38

Interior

1. An indoor set
2. A scene that takes place indoors

39

Intertitle

Any title card, whether or not it is superimposed on another image, that appears anywhere between the head credits and the tail credits of a movie

40

Iris shot

A shot whose picture area appears within a circle, whether or not the circle changes size

41

Kinetoscope

Edison’s electronically operated peephole viewer

42

Lip sync

Perfect synchronization between picture and sound, so tight that an actor’s lip movements and recorded dialogue absolutely match

43

Location

A shooting site that is not on a studio lot; often a place where the film’s fictional events are set or actual events occurred

44

Long shot

A shot that gives a wide, expensive view of the visual field; the camera appears to be far from the subject. In terms of the human figure, a person might be less than half the height of the frame

45

Mise-en-scene

The atmosphere, setting, decor, and texture of a shot. The way a scene has been designed and staged for the camera