Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

History > Exam 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (47):
1

belief in the benefits of profitable trading

Mercantilism

2

1765 British law imposing a tax on all paper used for official documents , for the purpose of raising revenue.

Stamps Act

3

New duties on tea, glass, lead, paper, and painters’ colors imported into the colonies

Townshend duties

4

March 1770 incident in Boston in which British soldiers fired on an American crowd , killing five .

Boston Massacre

5

Four British acts of 1774 meant to punish Massachusetts for the destruction of three shiploads of tea

Known in America as the intolerable act

Coercive acts

6

September 1774 gathering of colonial delegates in Philadelphia to discuss the crisis precipitated by he coercive act.

First continental congress

7

A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine in 1776 that laid out the case for independence

Common sense

8

A document containing philosophical principles and a list of grievances that declared separation from Britain.

Declaration of Independence

9

Colonists who remained loyal to Britain during the Revolutionary War

Loyalists

10

The written document defining the structure of the government from 1781 to 1788

Articles of Confederation

11

A social philosophy that embraced representatives institutions , a citizenry attuned to civic values above private interests, and a virtuous community in which individuals work to promote the public good

Republicanism

12

Alternative plan drafted by delegates from small states, retaining the confederation’s single-house congress with one vote per state

New Jersey Plan

13

Plan drafted by James Madison and presented at the opening of the Philadelphia constitutional convention

Virginia Plan

14

A clause in the constitution stipulating that all free persons plus “three-fifths of all others Persons” would constitute the numerical base for apportioning both representations and taxation.

Three-fifths clause

15

Supported the U.S. constitution in 1787-1788

Federalist (ratification faction)

16

Opponents of the ratification of the constitution

Antifederalists

17

The first ten amendments to the constitution, officially ratified by 1791.

Bill of Rights

18

Doesn’t support the constitution

Federalist (political party)

19

17980 laws passed to suppress political dissent

Alien and sedition Acts

20

1798 resolution condemning the Alien and sedition acts submitted to federal government by the Virginia and Kentucky state legislatures.

Virginia and Kentucky Resolution

21

1803 purchase of French territory west of the Mississippi River that stretched from the Gulf of Mexico to Canada

Louisiana purchase

22

Report recommending that the national debt be funded - but not repaid immediately- at full value

Hamilton’s Report on Public Credit

23

1791-1804 conflicts involving diverse Haitian participants and armies from three European countries.

Haitian Revolution

24

Canal finished in 1825, covering 350 miles between Albany and Buffalo and linking the port of New York City with the entire Great Lakes region

Erie Canal

25

Legal doctrine grounded in British common law that held that a wife’s civic life was subsumed by her husband’s.

Feme covert

26

Political party that evolved out of the democratic republicans after 1834

Democrats party

27

Act that directed the mandatory relocation of eastern tribes to territory west of the Mississippi.

Indian Removal Act of 1830

28

Forced westward journey of Cherokees form their lands in Georgia to present day Oklahoma in 1838.

Trail of tears

29

Thrifty asserting that states could nullify acts of congress that exceeded congressional powers

Nullification

30

Offered assurance that Indian territory would be respected and limited trade with Indians as well

Proclamation line of 1763

31

Where the British soldiers where ambushed by 70 armed men

Lexington and Concord

32

Applied to women politicians

Daughters of liberty

33

an independent country or community, especially a democratic republic.

Commonwealth

34

agreement that large and small states reached during the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that in part defined the legislative structure and representation that each state would have under the United States ...

Great Compromise

35

Fueled by traditional sources - water , wood , beast of burden , and human muscle

Market revolution

36

Federalist
Believed that even unpopular defendants deserved a fair trial

John Adams

37

Democratic Republican
Scientist
Inventor
Adventurer

Thomas Jefferson

38

What began in 1754

New Years War

39

What battles were going on during the year of 1775 ?

Battles of Lexington and Concord

40

What was signed during the year of 1776?

Declaration of Independence

41

What was ratified in 1788 ?

US constitution

42

What happened during 1798?

Alien and Sexition Act
Virginia and Kentucky Resolution

43

Who was elected president and in 1800

ThomasJefferson

44

What was purchased in 1803

Louisiana purchase

45

What removal act happened in 1830

Indian Removal Act

46

What Massacre happened in 1832

Massacre of fox Sauk and Fox Indians

47

What’s happened in 1838
Deals with Indians being forced out of Georgia

Trial of tears