Exam 2-Chiropractic Paradigm Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 2-Chiropractic Paradigm Deck (28)
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1

Paradigm

A set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality for the community that shares them, especially in intellectual disciplines

2

Osteopathic Paradigm

Relationship between the spine and skeleton and proper function of circulatory system

3

D.D. Palmer’s Paradigm

Relationship between skeleton and nervous system in which a persons state of health depends on proper integration between skeletal structures and the function of the nervous system

4

Ian Coulter’s Philosophical Framework

Vitalism
Holistic
Naturalism
Therapeutic Conservation
Humanism
Critical Rationalism

5

Vitalism

Functions of a living organism are due to an unknown vital principle distinct from all chemical and physical forces

6

Holism

The balanced integration of the individual in all aspects and levels of being; body, mind, and spirit.

7

Naturalism

The body is built on nature’s order - shouldn’t be tampered with unnecessarily through the use of drugs, which may affect the symptoms but do not remove the cause.

The role of the doctor is to facilitate natural healing.

8

Therapeutic conservatism

The chiropractic paradigm is inherently conservative. “First fo no harm”

Combination of vitalism, naturalism, and holism

9

Humanism

..

Sensitive to the values, and cultural, and ethnic backgrounds of others

Care for patients, not just treat the patients

10

Critical Rationalism

World is subject to scientific investigation

Ex: ROM comparison pre and post

11

D.D. Palmer’s Original Theory of Health and Wellness

“Too much or not enough energy is disease” and that disease, rather than being something external that invades the body, is instead the result of internal imbalances involving hyper-function or hypo-function of organs and systems. This is a result of fluctuation in nerve tone (too tense or too slack). The cause of disease in any variation in tone.

Today’s concept of homeostasis

12

The resistance of the host is more ________ than the ________ of the pathogen.

Significant

Power

13

Andrew Weil MD

Rather than warring on disease agents with the hope of eliminating them, we ought to worry more about strengthening resistance to them and learning to live in balance to them more of the time

14

Compare the thinking of Palmer in 1910, Dubos in 1982, and Weil in 2005

Common themes: empower the body to heal itself. Palmer and Weil both embrace the healing power of nature.

15

Innate intelligence

Intrinsic ability of an organism to react physiologically to the changing conditions of the external and internal environments

16

What is the purpose of an adjustment according to CS Cleveland?

Is not to depress nor to stimulate, but to remove interference with transmission, or pressure, from the affected nerve thus restoring normal nerve supply.

17

What are Palmer’s three T’s?

Trauma, Toxin, and Thought

The physical structure of the body is challenged through ADLs, theorizing these challenges or stressors take these three forms

18

What is the Contemporary Perspective of Three T’s?

Physical, Chemical, and Emotional

And their adverse influence on tone or function of the nervous system, as well as in the causation of subluxation and illness.

19

In contrast to DD Palmer’s theory of adjusting the full skeleton, B.J. Palmer focused on....

The mechanics of the spine only

20

What was the “birth” of straight v mixer chiropractic?

John Howard started the NAtional School of Chiropractic; the first broad college

21

How did Howard’s practice contrast with the approach Palmer had taken in that time? (Legally and Philosophically)

...

22

Define Straight (Focused) Chiropractors

Focus almost exclusively on the vertebral subluxations and its manual adjustment

23

Define Mixer (Broad) Chiropractors

Use additional clinical approaches as adjuncts to adjusting the spine

24

What is the definition of identity?

Sameness in all that constitutes the objective reality of a thing: oneness

25

What are the areas of controversy & variation in perspective of chiropractic?

- Procedures that fall under the scope of chiropractic practice
- Range of the effects of chiropractic care for the patient
- Clinical value of subluxation correction
- Appropriate terminology
- Isolation from or integration with other health care professionals (specifically allopathic practitioners)

26

How do the areas of controversy affect the profession’s identity?

..

27

What are examples or adjunctive therapy?

Physiotherapy
Dietary Counseling
Nutritional Supplementation
Acupuncture
Massage

28

Scopes of Services

..