Exam 2 - General Methodological Concepts of Research Flashcards Preview

COB - Epidemiology > Exam 2 - General Methodological Concepts of Research > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 2 - General Methodological Concepts of Research Deck (17)
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1

What is a precursor event, condition, or characteristic required for the occurrence of the disease or outcome?

Cause

2

What is a relationship between an exposure/treatment and an outcome/disease?

Association

3

What type of association arises from bias and/or confounding?

Artifactual association

4

What type of associatoin arises because the disease causes the exposure or the disease and exposure or are associated with a confounding variable?

Non-causal association

5

What type of associationarises because the exposure leads to the disease/outcome?

Causal association

6

What type of cause has a set of minimal conditions that must occur inorder to cause disease?

Sufficient cause

7

What type of cause must be present inorder to cause disease however its presence does not always causes disease?

Necessary cause

8

What type of cause increases the likeliehood of disease?

Component cause

9

What is defined as the biological interplay of two factors which together increase the likeliehood of disease?

Synergism (i.e. genes and environment)

10

What is the biological interplay of two or more factors such that if one is present the likeliehood of disease is increased however if neither is present there will be no disease?

Parallelism

11

What aspect of the Hill's Guidelines refers to the size of the measure of association?

Strength

12

What aspect of the Hill's Guidelines refers to the ability of a particular observation to occur repeatedly under differnet circumstances in various studies?

Consistency

13

What aspect of the Hill's Guidline demonstrates that the cause preceds the effect/outcome?

Temporality

14

What aspect of the Hill's Guidelines observes whether dosage matters?

Biological gradient

15

What aspect of the Hill's Guidlines refers to the feasibility of an assocaition (i.e. does it make fucking sense or do you sound like a squirrel with nuts in its mouth)?

Plausibility

16

What type of study design contains researcher-forced participant allocation into specific groups?

Interventional studies

17

What type of study design does not contain forced participation, the research is a mere observer?

Observational studies