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Flashcards in exam 2: gi Deck (25):
1

IV fluid replacement for child weighing between 1-10 kgs?

100 ml/kg

2

IV fluid replacement formula for child weighing between 11-20 kgs?

1000mL + 50 mLs times(x) every kg over 10
1000+50(x)/24 x=how many kgs over 10

ex: child weighing 20 kgs
1000+50(10, b/c it's 10 kgs more than 10)
1000+500
1500
finally, divide by 24
=62.5 or 63

3

IV fluid replacement formula for child weighing greater than 20 kgs?

1500ml+20 mLs times(x) every kg over 20
1500+20(x) x=how many kgs. over 20

finally, divide by 24

4

most common cause of diarrhea in children under 5 yrs

rotavirus

5

safety measures in acute gastreenteritis?

contact precautions (mask and gloves)

6

what are some examples of bacterial agents that can cause acute gastroenteritis?

-salmonella
-shigella
-C Diff
E coli

7

what are some examples of parasites that can cause acute gastroenteritis?

giardia
cryptosporidium

8

mega colon: mechanical obstruction and not enough motility

Hirschbrubg's disease

9

diagnositc testing of hirschsbrung disease?

barium enema

10

RLQ quadrant point indicates acute appendicitis? where is this called?

mcburney's point

11

symptoms of acute appendicitis?

-rigid abdomen
-mcburney's point (RLQ pain)
-fever
-absent bowel sounds

12

diagnostics with appendicitis?

CT scan
CBC

13

two types of inflammatory bowel disease?

krohn's and ulcerative colitis

14

which type of IBD: entire GI tract, pain, weight loss, growth retardation, fistulas

krohn's

15

which type of IBD: color and rectum, rectal bleeding, weight loss,severe diarrhea

ulcerative colitis

16

side effect of steroid use

moonface

17

nutritional: IBD management, stay away from:

grapes, spicy food

18

A condition in which the opening between the stomach and small intestine thickens.

pyloric stenosis

19

S/S of pyloric stenosis

projectile vomiting, failure to thrive, dehydration

20

A condition in which part of the intestine telescopes into itself.

intussusception

21

S/S of intussusception

sudden, loud crying that comes and goes every 15 to 20 minutes, vomiting, and stool mixed with blood and mucus, palpable mass RUQ

22

gluten diet: what cant they have

wheat or rye

23

feeding to support cleft palate infant

breck feeder
EESR method
E-enlarge nipple
S-stimulate suck reflex (rub side of face)
S- swallow fluid approp.
R-rest when infant signals with expression

24

avoid these with cleft palate:

oral therm, spoons, straws, pacifiers

25

tracheoesophageal fistula is an

emergency!!!!!
S&S: excessive frothy saliva
diffic. with secretions
cyanosis
(coughing, shoking, cyanosis)