Exam 2: Scales from Dr. Shappy Flashcards Preview

7313 Pathophysiology Shappy_Bringman > Exam 2: Scales from Dr. Shappy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 2: Scales from Dr. Shappy Deck (37)
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1

Defining characteristics of Complete Independence

and FIM-FAM scale score

 

Timely, safely

7

2

defining characteristics of Modified Independence

and FIM-FAM scale score

 

extra time, devices

6

3

Defining characteristics of Supervision

and FIM-FAM scale score

 

Cuing, coaxing, prompting

5

4

Defining characteristics of Minimal Assist

and FIM-FAM scale score

 

Performs 75% or more of task

4

5

Defining characteristics of Moderate Assist

and FIM-FAM scale score

 

performs 50-74% of task

3

6

Defining characteristics of Maximal Assist

and FIM-FAM scale score

 

Performs 25-49% of the task

2

7

Defining characteristics of Total Assist

and FIM-FAM scale score

 

performs less than 25% of the task

8

how many stairs in a "flight"?

 

12 (up and down)

9

Ranchos LOC Functioning: Brief characteristics (column 1)

Cognitive Level I

 

 

No response

10

Ranchos LOC Functioning: Brief characteristics (column 1)

Cognitive Level II

 

 

Generalized Response

11

Ranchos LOC Functioning: Brief characteristics (column 1)

Cognitive Level III

 

 

Localized Response

12

Ranchos LOC Functioning: Brief characteristics (column 1)

Cognitive Level IV

 

 

Confused, Agitated

13

Ranchos LOC Functioning: Brief characteristics (column 1)

Cognitive Level V

 

 

Confused, Inappropriate, Nonagitated

14

Ranchos LOC Functioning: Brief characteristics (column 1)

Cognitive Level VI

 

 

Confused, Appropriate

15

Ranchos LOC Functioning: Brief characteristics (column 1)

Cognitive Level VII

 

 

Automatic, Approapriate

16

Ranchos LOC Functioning: Brief characteristics (column 1)

Cognitive Level VIII

 

 

Purposeful, Appropriate

17

Ranchos LOC Functioning: How many levels are there?

 

 

 

8

18

Ranchos LOC Functioning: Person ath this level will or may

Cognitive Level I

 

 

be unresponsive to sounds, sights, touch or movement

19

Ranchos LOC Functioning: Person ath this level will or may

Cognitive Level II

 

  • begin to resopnd to sounds, sights, touch or movment
  • respond slowly, inconsistently, or after a delay
  • respond in the same way to what they hear, see or feel. Responses may include chewing, sweating, breathing faster, moaning, moving, and increasing blood pressure

20

Ranchos LOC Functioning: Person ath this level will or may

Cognitive Level III

 

  1. be awake on and off during the day
  2. make more movements than before; react more specifically to what htey see, hear, or feel. For example, they may turn towards a sound, withdraw from pain, and attempt to watch a person move around the room
  3. react slowly and inconsistently
  4. begin to recognize family and friends
  5. follow some simple directions such as "look at me" or "squeeze my hand"
  6. begin to respond inconsistently to simple questions with "yes" and "no" head nods
  7. respond more consistantly to familiar people

21

Ranchos LOC Functioning: Person ath this level will or may

Cognitive Level IV

 

  1. Be very confused and frightened
  2. Not understand what they feel or what is happening around them
  3. overreact to what htey see, hear, or feel by hitting, screaming, using abusive language, or thrashing about. N some cases, they may need to be restrained to prevent hurting themselves or others
  4. be highly focused on their basic needs; i.e. eating, relieving pain, going back to bed, going to the bathroom, or going home
  5. may not understand that people are trying to help them
  6. not pay attention or be unable to concentrate for more than a few seconds
  7. have difficulty following directions
  8. recognize family/friends some of the type; with help, be able to do simple routine activities as feeding themselves, dressing or talking

22

Ranchos LOC Functioning: Person ath this level will or may

Cognitive Level V

 

  1. be able to pa attention for only a few minutes
  2. be confused and have difficulty making sense of things around them
  3. not know the date, where they are or why they are in the hospital
  4. need step-by-step instructions to start or complete everyday activities, such as brushing their teth, even when physically able
  5. become overwhelmed and restless when tired or when there are too many people around
  6. have poor memory. They will remember past events which happened prior to the accident better than their daily routine or information they have been told since the injury
  7. try to fill in gaps in memory by making things up
  8. may get stuck on an idea or activity and need help switching to the next step
  9. focus on basic needs such as eating, relieving pain, going back to bed, going to the bathroom, or going home

23

Ranchos LOC Functioning: Person ath this level will or may

Cognitive Level VI

 

  1. Be somewhat confused because of memory and thinking problems. WIll remember main points from a conversation, but forget and confuse the details. For example, they may remember they had visitors in the morning, but forget what they talked about.
  2. Follow a schedule with some help, but become confused by changes in the routine
  3. know the month and year, unless there is a severe memory problem
  4. pay attention for about 30 minutes, but have trouble concentrating when it is noisy or when the activity involves many steps. for exampl , at an intersection, they may not be able to step of the curb, watch for cars, watch the traffic light, walk, and talk at the same time.
  5. bursh teir teeth, get dressed, feed themselves, etc., with help; know when they need to use the bathroom
  6. do or say things too fast, without thinking about potential consequences
  7. know that they are hospitalized because of an injury, but will not understand all of the problems they are having
  8. be more aware of physical problems than thinking problems. They often associate their problems with being in the hospital and think they'll be fine at home

24

Ranchos LOC Functioning: Person ath this level will or may

Cognitive Level VII

 

  1. Follow a set schedule
  2. be able to do routine self care without help, if physically able. For example, they can dress or feed themselves independently
  3. have problems in new situations and may become frustrated or act without thinking first
  4. have problems planning, starting, and following through with activities
  5. have trouble paying attention in distracting or stressful situations. For example, family gatherings, work, school, church, or sports events
  6. not realize how their thinking and memory problems may affect future plans and goals. Therefore, they may expect to quickly return to their previous lifestyle or work
  7. Continue to need supervision because of decreased safety awareness and judgement. They still do not fully understand the impact of their physical or thinking problems
  8. think more slowly in stressful situations; be inflexible or rigid, and they may seem stubborn. These behaviors or common after brain injury
  9. Be able to talk about doing something, but will have problems actually doing it

25

Ranchos LOC Functioning: Person ath this level will or may

Cognitive Level VIII

 

 

  1. Realize that they have a problems with their thinking and memory skills
  2. begin to compensate for their problems; be more flexible and less rigid in their thinking. For example, they may be able to come up with omre than one way to solve a problem.
  3. Be ready for driving or job training evaluation
  4. be able to learn new things at a slower rate
  5. still become overwhelmed in difficult, stressful, rapitdly changing or emergency situations
  6. show poor judgment in new situations and may requirre assistance
  7. need some guidance to make decisions
  8. have thinking problems that may not be noticeable to people who did know the person before the injury

26

Ranchos LOC Functioning: What family and friends can do

Cognitive Level I

 

  1. Keep the room calm and quiet
  2. Keep comments and questions short and simple
  3. Explain what is about to e done using a "calm" tone of voice

(same as level II)

27

Ranchos LOC Functioning: What family and friends can do

Cognitive Level II

 

  1. Keep the room calm and quiet
  2. Keep comments and questions short and simple
  3. Explain what is about to e done using a "calm" tone of voice

(same as Level 1)

28

Ranchos LOC Functioning: What family and friends can do

Cognitive Level III

 

  1. Limit the number of visitors to 2-3 people at a time
  2. allow the person extra time to respond, but don't expect responses to be correct
  3. Give the person rest periods
  4. Tell the person who you are, where they are, why they are in the hospital, and what day it is.
  5. Bring in favorite belongins and pictures of family members
  6. Engate the person in familiar activities, such as listening to their favorite music, talking about their family and friends, reading out loud to the person, watching TV, combing teir hair, putting on lotion, etc.

29

Ranchos LOC Functioning: What family and friends can do

Cognitive Level IV

 

  1. Allow the person as much movement as is safe.
  2. Allow the person to choose activities, and follow their lead, within safety limits. Do not force the person to do tasks or activities
  3. Give the person breaks and change activities frequently especially if they are easily distracted, restless or agitated
  4. Keep the room quiet and calm. For example, turn off the TV and radio, don't talk too much and use a calm voice
  5. Limit the number of visitors to 2-3 people at a time
  6. Experiment to find familiar activities that are calming to the person such as listening to music, eating, etc.
  7. Bring in family ictures and personal items from home, to make the person feel more comfortable.
  8. Tell the person where they are and reassure the person they are safe
  9. Take the person for rides, if the person uses a wheelchair. If ambulatory, take the person for short walks in a safe environment.

30

Ranchos LOC Functioning: What family and friends can do

Cognitive Level V

 

  1. Repeate questions or comments as needed. Don't assume they will remember what you ve told the person previously
  2. Tell the person the day, date, name and location of the hospital, and why they are in the hospital when you first arrive and before you leave.
  3. Keep a calendar and list of visitors available
  4. Keep comments and questions short and simple
  5. Help the person organize and get started on an activity
  6. Limit the number of visitors to 2-3 people at a time
  7. Give the person frequent rest periods when they have problems paying attention
  8. Limit the number of questions you ask. Try not to "test" the patient by asking a lot of questions
  9. Help the person connect what they remember with what is currently going on with teir family, friends, and favorite activities
  10. Bring in family pictures and personal items from home
  11. Reminisc about familiar and fun past activities