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Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (23):
1

Categories of people set apart from others because of socially defined physical characteristics; This as a biological construct does not exist.

Race

2

The belief that some racial groups are inherently inferior to others; A set of attitudes, beliefs, and practices used to justify the superior treatment of one racial or ethnic group and inferior treatment of another racial or ethnic group.

Racism

3

Statuses based on cultural heritage and shared "feelings of peoplehood".

Ethnicity

4

Deliberate and systematic elimination minority group members.

Genocide

5

Preconceived judgments about a category of people; negative attitude toward an entire category of people; tends to perpetuate false definitions of individuals and groups.

Prejudice

6

Physical or social exclusion of minority groups from dominant group activities.

Segregation

7

Process where minority groups lose their identities & conform to the dominant group; Examples include Native Americans who were forced to assimilate into European culture.

Assimilation

8

A category of people set apart from others because of distinctive customs and lifestyles; a category of people who are distinguished by others or by themselves as inferior or superior primarily on the basis of cultural or nationality characteristics.

Ethnic Group

9

A category of people who have been singled out by others or themselves, as inferior or superior on the basis of subjectively selected physical characteristics such as skin color, hair, texture, and eye shape.

Racial Group

10

Basis of the "one drop rule", meaning that if an individual had any black ancestry, the person was classified as black; the automatic assignment of children of a mixed union or mating between members of different socioeconomic groups or ethnic groups to the subordinate group.

Hypodescent

11

Unequal treatment of people because of their group membership; denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups because of prejudice of other arbitrary reasons.

Discrimination

12

A category of people set apart for unequal treatment because of physical or cultural characteristics; subordinate group whose members have significantly less control or power over their own lives than members of the dominant group.

Minority Group

13

White teacher who sued the South Carolina school because they had refused to apprehend the students that were calling her and other white teachers rude names.

South Carolina teacher

14

When groups cooperate while still retaining their distinctive identities and lifestyles.

Cultural Pluralism

15

An economic situation in which two groups of workers are willing to do the same work for different wages.

Split Labor Market

16

One group whose members, because of physical or cultural characteristics, are disadvantaged and subjected to unequal treatment by the majority group and regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination; basic characteristics, identifiability, membership based on ascription, group awareness, differential power, differential and unequal treatment.

Subordinate Group

17

Someone who is prejudice, but does not discriminate.

Fair-Weather Bigot

18

Someone who is neither prejudice nor discriminates.

All-Weather Liberal

19

Minority group members are denied lawful access to public institutions, job, housing, and social rewards.

Legal Discrimination

20

Attacks on minority group members, from social slights and insults to murder.

Personal Discrimination

21

A polished orator with an emotional, dramatic delivery; a lawyer; mother was white, father was "light mulatto"; was not socially and racially accepted by both of his parents' sides of the family; never knew he was "colored" until his father told him and when they moved from Virginia to Munice, Indiana.

Gregory Howard Williams

22

Unequal treatment of a group that is deeply embedded in social intuitions.

Institutional Discrimination

23

Goal-oriented people who become upset when their desires are blocked. They typically take their frustration out on other people who are as powerful as the aggressor.

Frustration Aggression Hypothesis