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Spinal Anatomy (Palmer) > Exam 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (137)
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1

What is the definition of spondylosis?

A vertebral condition that is acquired or age related.

2

What is the definition of spondylolysis?

A vertebral separation or vertebral cleavage.

3

What are some of the causes of spondylolysis?

Congenital, acquired during development, the result of aging, or the result of trauma

4

What is the location of spondylolysis that will be stressed in Spinal II?

A separation along the pars interarticularis (defect in the pars interarticularis or pars defect)

5

Name some characteristics of cervical spondylolysis:

More frequent in men, most common at C6 level, typically congenital

6

Name some characteristics of lumbar spondylolysis:

Not congenital and rare under age 5, typically affect men at L5/S1, typically affect women at L4/L5

7

What is the appearance of the lumbar vertebra upon oblique x-ray view?

A Scotty dog

8

What is the appearance of a pars defect in a lumbar vertebra upon oblique x-ray view?

A collared Scotty dog

9

In an oblique x-ray, spondylolysis below the superior articular process of a lumbar pars interarticularis is associated with what part of the Scotty dog?

The neck of the Scotty dog

10

What part of a lumbar vertebra forms the eye of a Scotty dog?

The pedicle

11

What part of a lumbar vertebra forms the ear of a Scotty dog?

The superior articular process

12

What part of a lumbar vertebra forms the nose of a Scotty dog?

The transverse process

13

What population has been found to have incidence of Sacral Spondylolysis (particularly of S1)?

Alaskan Inuits (young men)

14

What x-ray view is necessary to view the intervertebral foramen of a cervical?

An oblique view

15

What x-ray view is necessary to view the intervertebral foramen of a thoracic?

Lateral

16

What x-ray view is necessary to view the intervertebral foramen of a lumbar?

Lateral

17

What is the definition of spondylolisthesis?

A vertebral slippage

18

What vertebral condition results in spondylolisthesis?

Bilateral spondylolysis

19

While spondylolisthesis is typically anterior, what is it called when it is in the posterior direction?

Retrospondylolisthesis

20

List some characteristics of Type I spondylolisthesis (congenital)?

associated with spinal bifida; L5 but compresses S1 nerve

21

List some characteristics of Type II Spondylolisthesis (isthmic):

Bilateral, L5/S1, men & women who have had greater than 3 kids, increase in sagittal diameter (asymptomatic)

22

List some characteristics of type III spondylolisthesis (degenerative):

Known as degenerative, typically affects women and is at the L4/L5 level, no increase in sagittal diameter

23

List some characteristics of type IV spondylolisthesis (traumatic):

Rare, involves fracture of neural arch

24

List some characteristics of type V spondylolisthesis (pathological):

Associated with Paget's/Osteogenesis imperfecta

25

What arteries are associated with Vertebrae C1-C6?

Ascending cervical artery, vertebral artery

26

What artery is associated with Vertebrae C7, T1?

Deep cervical artery

27

What artery is associated with T1, T2?

Superior intercostal artery

28

What artery is associated with Vertebrae T3-T11?

Posterior intercostal artery

29

What artery is associated with Vertebra T12?

Sub costal artery

30

What artery is associated with Vertebrae L1-L4?

Lumbar artery