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Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (34)
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1

During the miocene, the first what showed up?

• First hominoids
• First hominids

2

Tethys sea:

separated Africa from Europe and Asia

3

The 3 earliest hominoid species:

Procunsul, Afropithecus, Kenyapithecus

4

procunsul dental formula

2.1.2.3

5

procunsil has a ___ cusp patterns on molars

Y5

6

What teeth types tell us procunsul was a frugivore?

big incisors, small molars

7

what is extended as a tube in proconsul?

ectotympanic bone

8

middle ear anatomy of procunsul is like:

modern catarrhine

9

procunsul is dissimilar to:

modern apes

10

Species: Sahelanthropus
tchandensis
Where found:
dates back:

7-6 mya in chad

11

Species: Orrorin
tugenensis
Where found:
dates back:

6 mya in kenya

12

Species:Ardipithecus
kadabba
Where found:
dates back:

5.8-4.4 mya in ethiopia

13

Species: Ardipithecus
ramidus
Where found:
dates back:

4.4 mya in ethiopia

14

Species: Australopithecus
anamensis
Where found:
dates back:

4.2-3.9 mya in kenya

15

Species: Australopithecus
afarensis
Where found:
dates back:

3.9-2.9 mya in hadar, ethiopia and laetoli, tanzania

16

Species:Australopithecus
africanus
Where found:
dates back:

taung and sterkfontein, south africa 3.5-2.4 mya

17

Species: Australopithecus
aethiopicus
Where found:
dates back:

lake turkana, kenya 2.7-2.3 mya

18

Species: Australopithecus
garhi
Where found:
dates back:

ethiopia 2.5 mya

19

Species: Australopithecus
Boisei
Where found:
dates back:

2.3-1.2 mya in olduvai gorge tanzania and lake turkana, kenya

20

Species: Australopithecus
robustus
Where found:
dates back:

swartkrans, s. africa 2-1.4 mya

21

Species: Kenyanthropus
platyops
Where found:
dates back:

lake turkana, kenya 3.5-3.2 mya

22

Species: Homo habilis
Where found:
dates back:

lake turkana, kenya and olduvai gorge, tanzania 2.4-1.6 mya. this is KNM-ER 1470

23

tchadensis is possibly bipedal based on:

foramen magnum positioned

24

tugensisis is possibly bipedal based on:

based on femur

25

kadabba is possibly bipedal based on:

on 1 toe bone

26

ramidus is possibly bipedal based on:

foramen magnum

27

anamensis is bipedal based on:

tibia region

28

Which australopithecines possibly used tools?

gahri and robustus

29

tchadensis lived near a:

lake and desert

30

which hominins lived in an exclusively wooded area?

ardipithecus kadabba, ramidus