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Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (69):
1

Noam Chomsky

Linguist- learning language in stages- L2 Acquisition (formation of separate grammars)

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Universal Grammar

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Vevert Monkeys

Language not unique to humans- vevert monkeys have verbal and non verbal

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Nim Chimpsky

Herbert Thomas and Laura Ann Pettito- Study to teach language through ASL- failed- no sign of syntax or grammar

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Koko

ASL MONKEY

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Kanzi

Sue Savage Rambaugh- Lexigram symbols that stand for words

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Dialect

Forms of language

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Diglossia (code switching)

.switching between dialects

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Discourse Analysis

.study of language above the level of the sentence

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Rapport talk vs Report Talk

.private vs public speech

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Debra Tannen

.study of language and gender

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Men vs Women speech patterns

Men: devices of control- ignorance, statements of fact

Women: verbal and Non verbal listening responses- silent protest

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Boys and girls speech/ playground groups

.girls: small, homogenous, private, equality, critique

Boys: large, heterogenous, hierarchy, competition, dominance

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Indirect speech

Not getting to the point

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Air Florida flight 90

Fatal case of indirect speech between pilot and copilot

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Paralanguage (kinesics, tone, space/time)

Hidden aspects of communication- body language (kinesics), tone/character of voice

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Observation

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Interviews

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Reticence

Hesitance to answer questions

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Reactivity

give the answer the interviewer wants to hear

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Participant observation

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22

Ideal, believed, and actual behavior

Driving
“I’m told”, “I should”, “I do”

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Ruptures in communication

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Claire sterk and prostitution

.reticence and reactivity

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Socialization/ enculturation

.how and when we learn our culture

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Learning the nightmare

What schools teach: noise, competition/hatred

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Psychology Anthropology

Freud and the subconscious mind

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Nancy Scheper- Hughes, Ireland

20% of men institutionalized- %80 of which celibate- 50% schizophrenic-
Youngest stay home, don’t marry, Catholicism prohibits sex

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Biological sex

Chromosomes that determine what you look like

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Gender

Social construction of our biological and sexual identity

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Sexuality

How we channel our sexual desires

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Western concept of sex, gender

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Chromosomal and anatomical variation of biological sex

XY Chromosomes mishap-
Sterile men and women- too short or tall

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Cultural variations of gender

Sworn virgins, etc

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Cultural variation of sex

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36

Polymorphous perverse

Sexuality

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Sworn virgin

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Fafafine

Man lady!

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Bacha posh

Afghanistan girls raised as boys

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We’wa

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41

Papua New Guinea

Home of the Sambia

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Gilbert Herdt

Observed the rite of passage of Sambia boys

43

5 zones of ecology/masculinity

. (Lowest to highest)
River Zone- female area
Hamlet- thatched huts
Dance grounds- men’s house
Edgeland Forrest- Pandanus nut
Cloud Forrest- hunting grounds

44

Warfare

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45

Antagonistic gender relations

Women filled with sin! Menstruation evil

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Jerungdu

Essence of maleness

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Woganyu

Rubbish men

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Havaltnu

“Equality among men”- all shall be the best

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Tingu

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50

Rites of passage

Coming of age rituals

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Separation

Boys removed from mothers

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Liminality

Middle of ritual

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Aggregation

Reached new stage

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Arnold Van Gennep

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Communitas

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Nose-bleeding

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Secret of the flutes

THATS A PENIS

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Reciprocity

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59

Generalized Reciprocity

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60

Balanced reciprocity

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61

Negative reciprocity

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Social distance

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Incest taboo

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Exogamous rules

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Endogamous rules

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Monogamy

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Polygamy

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Polygyny

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69

Cognatic descent

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