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According to Spinoza which of the following concepts does not fit within the bounds of a contracted governments rights for a “just exercise of sovereign power?”

Freedom guided by Reason

1

According to Descartes the method for the discovery of “Truth” is analytic. Which of the following is/are not a rule?

Make enumerations that are so specific so as to prove certainty of things only

2

According to Spinoza “infinite substance must have [what]?”

Infinity of attributes

3

According to Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy (2nd Meditation), which of the following is not a description of what type of thing am “I?”

Unthinking

4

According to Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy (2nd Meditation), what type(s) of “Actions” are not attributed to the “Soul?”

Dreams

5

According to Spinoza’s Ethic (Part I, Prop. VII & VIII), which of the following does not apply to the “Nature of Substance?”

Its essence necessarily involves non-existence

6

According to Descartes which of the following is not true when speaking of “Mind” and “Matter?”

Mind and Matter are two clearly distinct uncreated substances

7

According to Spinoza’s Ethic (Part II, Prop. I-VI), which of the following is not an attribute of “God?”

Finitude

8

According to Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy (1st Meditation), what should we never trust because we are constantly “Deceived?”

Senses

9

According to Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy (3rd Meditation), which of the following is not proof that God “Exists?”

I know God through faith

10

According to Spinoza’s line of thought which of the following are considered to make a valid statement?

The whole of God or Nature in its attribute of extension

11

According to Spinoza’s Ethic (Part II, Prop. X), which of the following is not an attribute of “Man?”

Man necessarily exists from Substance

12

According to Spinoza which is one of his “inalienable rights?”

The freedom on inward piety

13

According to Descartes what “is perceived as true every time a mind thinks?”

I think, therefore I am

14

According to Locke which of the following concepts do not apply to “Man?”

Innate Ideas

15

According to Locke’s An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (Book I.1.8) which does not represent an “Idea?”

Extension

16

According to Hume which of the following concepts is/are not encompassed within “Impressions?”

Ideas

17

According to Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (Part II), which of the following best describes his “Cause and Effect” analogy?

Architect: House

18

According to Locke which of the following are not representative of “Secondary Qualities?”

Number

19

According to Hume what is the origin of the idea of “Causality?”

None can be discovered

20

According to Locke which are the “Dispositional Qualities?”

Solubility, Fragility, Flammability

21

According to Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (Part II), which of the following is most valid about the humans and God?

Humans have no experience of divine attributes and operations

22

According to Locke which of the following is one of his “Three Main Reasons” for rejecting innate ideas?

Children and Idiots do not seem to possess them

23

According to Locke what is the chief reason why a government is established?

Private Property

24

According to Locke which of the following theories processes the external world and transforms it into “Mental Events?”

Causal Theory of Perception

25

According to Hume what can ultimately be known by Man?

Nothing

26

According to Hume why can our “Beliefs” not be rationally justified?

Based upon Imagination

27

According to Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion (Part II), which of the following best describes his “Design Argument?”

The universe must have been created by an infinite mind

28

According to Kant’s Foundation for the Metaphysics of Morals (Chap. I) what is the “Categorical Imperative?”

Act only according to a principle that can be universalized

29

According to Kant’s Foundation for the Metaphysics of Morals (Chap. I) of what is the “Will” equivalent?

Practical Reason