Exam 3 - Asthma/COPD Flashcards Preview

Pharmacotherapeutics III > Exam 3 - Asthma/COPD > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 3 - Asthma/COPD Deck (52):
1

intermittent asthma (0-4 yrs)

symptoms = 2 days/week
0 night time awakenings
SABA use = 2 days/week

2

intermittent asthma (5-11 yrs)

symptoms = 2 days/week
= 2 nighttime awakenings/week
SABA use = 2 days/week

3

mild asthma (0-4 yrs)

symptoms > 2 days/week (not daily)
1-2 nighttime awakenings/month
SABA use > 2 days/week (not daily)
minor normal activity limitation

4

mild asthma (5-11 yrs)

symptoms > 2 days/week (not daily)
3-4 nighttime awakenings/month
SABA use > 2 days/week (not daily)
minor normal activity limitation

5

moderate asthma (0-4 yrs)

symptoms daily
3-4 nighttime awakenings/month
SABA use daily
some normal activity limitation

6

moderate asthma (5-11 yrs)

symptoms daily
> 1 nighttime awakening per week (not nightly)
SABA use daily
some normal activity limitation

7

severe asthma (0-4 yrs)

symptoms throughout the day
> 1 nighttime awakening/week
SABA use several times per day
extreme normal activity limitation

8

severe asthma (5-11 yrs)

symptoms throughout the day
nighttime awakenings often (7/week)
SABA use several times per day
extreme normal activity limitation

9

step 1 therapy (0-4 yrs)

SABA prn

10

step 2 therapy (0-4 yrs)

preferred:
low-dose ICS

alternative:
montelukast or cromolyn

11

step 3 therapy (0-4 yrs)

medium dose ICS

12

step 4 therapy (0-4 yrs)

medium-dose ICS
AND
montelukast or LABA

13

step 5 therapy (0-4 yrs)

high-dose ICS
AND
montelukast or LABA

14

step 6 therapy (0-4 yrs)

high-dose ICS
AND
montelukast or LABA
AND
oral coricosteroids

15

step 1 therapy (5-11 yrs)

SABA prn

16

step 2 therapy (5-11 yrs)

preferred:
low-dose ICS

alternative:
LTRA, cromolyn, OR nedocromil

17

step 3 therapy (5-11 yrs)

preferred:
medium-dose ICS
OR
low-dose ICS + LABA, LTRA, or theophylline

18

step 4 therapy (5-11 yrs)

preferred:
medium dose ICS + LABA

alternative:
medium-dose ICS + LTRA or theophylline

19

step 5 therapy (5-11 yrs)

preferred:
high-dose ICS + LABA

alternative:
high-dose ICS + LTRA or theophylline

20

step 6 therapy (5-11 yrs)

preferred:
high-dose ICS + LABA + oral corticosteroid

alternative:
high-dose ICS + LTRA or theophylline + oral corticosteroid

21

intermittent asthma (>/= 12 yrs)

symptoms = 2 days/week
= 2 nighttime awakenings/month
SABA use = 2 days/week

22

mild asthma (>/= 12 yrs)

symptoms > 2 days/week
3-4 nighttime awakenings/month
SABA use > 2 days/week (not daily)
minor normal activity limitation

23

moderate asthma (>/= 12 yrs)

symptoms daily
> 1 nighttime awakening/week (not nightly)
SABA use daily
some normal activity limitation

24

severe asthma (>/= 12 yrs)

symptoms throughout the day
nighttime awakenings often (7/week)
SABA use several times/day
extreme normal activity limitation

25

step 1 therapy (>/= 12 yrs)

SABA prn

26

step 2 therapy (>/= 12 yrs)

preferred:
low-dose ICS

alternative:
cromolyn, nedocromil, LTRA, or theophylline

27

step 3 therapy (>/= 12 yrs)

preferred:
medium-dose ICS
OR
low-dose ICS + LABA

alternative:
low-dose ICS + LTRA, theophylline or zileuton

28

step 4 therapy (>/= 12 yrs)

preferred:
medium-dose ICS + LABA

alternative:
medium-dose ICS + LTRA, theophylline, or zileuton

29

step 5 therapy (>/= 12 yrs)

high-dose ICS + LABA
AND
omalizumab (pts w/ allergies)

30

step 6 therapy (>/= 12 yrs)

high-dose ICS + LABA + oral corticosteroid
AND
omalizumab (pts w/ allergies)

31

name the SABAs

albuterol
levalbuterol
pirbuterol
metaproterenol
terbutaline

32

brand names for albuterol

Ventolin
Proventil
ProAir HFA
ProAir Respiclick

33

brand names for levalbuterol

Xopenex

34

brand names for pirbuterol

Maxair
Autohaler

35

brand names for metaproterenol

Alupent (D/c)

36

brand names for terbutaline

Bricanyl

37

name the ICSs

beclomethasone
budesonide
ciclesonide
flunisolide
fluticasone
mometasone

38

brand names for beclomethasone

Qvar

39

brand names for budesonide

Pulmicort Flexhaler/Respules

40

brand names for ciclesonide

Alvesco

41

brand names for flunisolide

Aerospan

42

brand names for fluticasone

Flovent

43

brand names for mometasone

Asmanex

44

dosing for ICSs

beclomethasone 40/80 mcg
budesonide 90 - 200 mcg
ciclesonide 80/160 mcg
flunisolide 80 mcg
fluticasone 44-220 mcg
mometasone 110/220 mcg

45

ICS that is not BID

mometasone

46

mast cell stabilizers

cromolyn
nedocromil

47

brand name for cromolyn

Intal

48

brand name for nedocromil

Tilade

49

LTRAs

montelukast
zafirlukast

50

brand name for montelukast

Singulair

51

brand name for zafirlukast

Accolate

52

methylxanthines

theophylline
aminophylline