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Flashcards in Exam Deck (45):
1

4 types of books

Board books
Poetry
Fable
Information books

2

Metacognition

-Thinking about how you think
-Visualize, ask questions, read between the lines

3

7 reading strategies

-Making connections
-Ask questions
-Determine importance
-Infer and predict
-Visualize
-Synthesize
-Use fix up strategies

4

Why ask questions

-Helps keep you focused on the text
-If your mind wanders don't pay attention

5

Determine importance

-Pick and choose details which are most important to remember
-Can't remember everything

6

Infer and predict

-Knowledge + text= inference
-Educated guesses
-Good readers are like detectives

7

Visualize

-Pay attention to 5 senses

8

Synthesize

-Must bring everything together in the end (meaning of what you are reading)
-What's the big idea

9

Fix up strategies

-When you run into problems use correction strategies (re read,ask for help, underline,dictionary)
-Help you understand and think deeply

10

What is a RRR

-Reading running record
-A tool to observe and record individual students on their reading level, reading behaviour, cueing system used

11

Phonics skills

-Knowing letter sounds

12

Structure clues

-Knowledge of oral language

13

RRR rating system

-Usually done with a commercially prepared kit
-Kit includes 30 level arranged in difficulty
- Each text has a test that measures vocabulary and comprehension

14

RRR results

- Each assessment looks at vocabulary knowledge and comprehension
A) child's ability to read (Vocabulary knowledge)
B) child's ability to understand meaning of the passage (comprehension)

15

RRR accuracy rate
When move up to next level

-85% and higher upgrade to next level

16

RRR accuracy rate
Independent reading level

-95% or lower

17

RRR accuracy rate
Good teaching level

-90/95%

18

RRR accuracy rate
Frustration level

-90% or higher

19

Comprehension

-must be able to comprehend meaning of the passage including (characters, setting, order of events)
-plan lessons to help child develop better skills

20

Cueing systems

-As students problem solve on text they use three key kinds of information to determine unknown word
Meaning
Structure
Visual

21

Cueing systems
Meaning

-meaning of the message
-does it mean the same thing if yes circle
-used prior knowledge and pictures to find out word

22

Cueing systems
Structure

-does it sound right if yes circle
-does it sound grammatically correct

23

Cueing systems
Visual

-does the word look like the word in the text (look same) if so circle
-use visual information when pays attention to details of letters

24

Not for cueing systems

-Never circle all three

25

Guided reading

-instructional technique for working with small groups to help them learn effective strategies for reading with understanding

26

Guided reading
Goal

-read independent
-reading and understanding at difficult levels

27

How to do guided reading

-determine each child's level through testing
Running records, sight word lists, observations

28

Three parts of guided reading lesson

-pre reading (before)
-the reading (during)
-the post reading (after)

29

Pre reading

-each child has a copy of the book
-ask questions to think about topic
"What do you see on the cover"
-picture walk, predictions, words that may be hard

30

During

-many ways to read
Round robin, each take turns, stop sign reading, whisper reading

31

Post reading

-check predictions
-talk about what happened
-go over difficult words

32

1 Scribbling stage

-use scribbled and letter like shapes scattered across the page

33

2 pre phonetic stage

-knows letters of alphabet and number to 10
-no spaces
-shows left to right top to bottom

34

3 semi phonetic stage

-begin to link letters with sounds

35

4 phonetic stage

-vowels appear in writing
-sound out

36

5 transitional stage

- use capitals at beginning periods at end
-appropriate use of lower case

37

6 conventional stage (correct mature)

-understands importance of correct spelling
-know how to find correct spelling

38

Invented spelling

-spelling word according to sounds they hear in the word (helps with phonemic awareness)

39

Writing process

Pre writing
Drafting
Revising editing
Publishing

40

Reading fluency

-naturalness
-reading smoother same pace

41

Fluency skills

-recognize clusters of letters
-seeing phrases as whole
-using prediction skills within phrase

42

How to help with reading fluency

-child needs to hear what fluent reading sounds like
-read aloud often
-practice with similar text

43

Approaches to help with fluency

Choral reading (reading and getting others to join)
Silent reading
Paired reading (with skilled reader)
Echo (imitates a skilled reader)

44

Fluency is

Ability to read text effortlessly with accuracy speed and expression

45

Remember

Practice
See how well you Read aloud
Vary activitys