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1

What is historiography?

The history of writing.

2

What are the two components of the blibliographical test which inform a book's historiographical reliability?

1. Time from the original.
2. How many manuscripts?

3

Speak of the Bible's reliability from the first component of the bibliographical test as discussed in class.

The earliest copy of the NT was written just 50 years after the original. As far as books of antiquity go, no other piece of writing even comes close.

4

Who had copies of the Law according to the OT before the exile?

Rulers, Priests, and all the people.

5

Who took copies into the exile?

Daniel and Ezekiel.

6

How do we know the Law was present in the post-exilic times?

Ezra taught the Law to Israel.

7

Who preserved the Law until Jesus' time?

Priests.

8

In Romans 3:2, who does Paul say had the Word committed unto them, and what underlying claim does that make?

The Jews; which shows the Hebrew text is the Word of God.

9

Prove how careful the copying and preservation of the OT through the Tannaim, the Amoraim, and the Masorites was.

They counted the number of letters, words, knew the middle of the scroll.

10

Where is the best preservation of the OT today?

The Masoretic Text.

11

Why were the Jews careful to bury or "reverently inter" copies of the Hebrew OT?

To stop any possibility of misreadings.

12

What is the LXX or Septuagint?

Corrupted Greek Translation of the Hebrew OT.

13

Why was a Greek version of the OT Scripture needed?

Jews in Alexandria quit learning Hebrew.

14

Is the dating of the LXX to 285-246 BC incontrovertible?

No.

15

What are the three styles of Greek language in the LXX?

1. Good
2. Indifferent
3. Unintelligible

16

What does the LXX do with Greek notions of God in the Hebrew OT?

Change the language wherever it can to match Greek ideas of god.

17

Can we know what was original in the LXX? Why or why not?

The many revisions show we cannot know what is original.

18

What did the Jews change the feast to celebrate the LXX into?

A fast which laments the LXX ever being created.

19

What always accompanied the LXX?

The Apocrypha.

20

Who was the most important person that dismissed the Apocrypha as viable and how do we know?

Jesus; He said the Law, Prophets, and Writings... which omits the Apocrypha as included.

21

Do the Apostles and Jesus quote the LXX?

No.

22

How many times does the NT quotes of the OT match the Hebrew exactly?

71 times.

23

How many times does NT quotes of the OT match the Hebrew nearly?

69 times.

24

How many times does the NT quotes of the OT match the Hebrew in their intended sense?

37 times.

25

How many times does the NT quotes of the OT combine Hebrew scriptures?

5 times.

26

How many times does the NT quotes of the OT make it difficult to know what OT passage is being quoted?

5 times.

27

Show how Mt. 23:2-3 demonstrates Jesus' view of the OT Scripture.

The scribes copied the Hebrew OT as where the Word of God is preserved.

28

Show how Rom. 3:1-2 demonstrates Paul's view of the OT Scripture.

The Jews preserved the Hebrew OT which shows Paul saw the Hebrew OT as where the Word of God is preserved.

29

Show how Mt. 5:18 demonstrates Jesus' very of the OT Scripture.

He said "jot and tittle" which refer to the Hebrew alphabet, showing Jesus saw the Hebrew OT as where the Word of God is preserved.

30

What criterion should age have in evaluating a passage of Scripture?

Oldest and best witness.