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Flashcards in Exam Deck (70)
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1

Demulcents

soothe and lubricate
can take internally to soothe inflamed tissue

2

Nervines

calm nervous tension, nourish nervous system

3

anti-spasmodics

calm nervous tension in the muscles and reduce pain

4

Methods of application

Herbal tea (Infusion, Decoction)
Bolus
Electuary
Fomentation
Liniment
Poultice & plaster
Salve
Smoking
Syrup
Tincture

5

Electuary

paste made of small amt of herb and honey, syrup, or pb
Easier to give to children

6

bolus

powder herb mixed with cocoa butter
inserted into rectum or vagina, applied at night

7

Herbal infusion

delicate parts of herbs steeped

8

Herbal Decoction

extracts deeper essences from coarse leaves, stems, barks, and roots

9

Fomentation

"compress"
external application to treat swelling, pain, cold/flu Sx

10

Liniment

herbal extracts rubbed into the skin; Tx muscle pain, relief of arthritis and inflammation

11

Poultice

warm, moist mass of powdered or macerated herbs, applied directly to skin to relieve inflammation (ex: skin eruptions, insect bites)
draw out infections, toxins, alleviate pain and muscle spasm

12

Capsaicin cream usage

applied to unbroken skin for Shingles, arthritic pain (red pepper paste)

13

plaster

similar to poultice
macerated herbs are mixed with thick base and placed between 2 thin pieces of linen, then apply to skin
cooling and drawing out fever

14

smoking

treat coughs, asthma, bronchial congestion

15

Lobelia

indian tobacco
contain lobeline, similar to nicotine but no addictive effects
reduces cravings
used for smoking cessation

16

Salve

thick consistency of herbal oil and beeswax
can stay on skin

17

Syrup

treat coughs and sore throats

18

Tincture

highly concentrated extracts, preserved in alcohol for 2 wks and pour off alcohol
can be taken internally or as liniment
long shelf life

19

What method is better for management of chronic conditions

tinctures

20

anti-catarrhals

eliminate or counteract the formation of mucus
good for colds or sinusitis

21

Carminatives

alleviation of gas and make it less pungent

22

Cholagogues

promote flow and discharge of bile into sm intestine
also act as laxatives

23

Emmenagogues

promote menstruation, usually causing it to come earlier; sometimes increased flow

24

Galactogogues

increase secretion of milk

25

Uva Ursi

oxytocics; stimulate uterine contractions

26

Rubefacients

increase flow of blood at surface of skin
draw inflammation and congestion from deeper areas
Tx arthritis, sprains, joint pain

27

Chamomile

Dyspepsia: indigestion
Flatulence
Menstrual Cramps
Insomnia
Topical: hemorrhoids, mucositis (chemo-induced).
anti-spasmotic, anti-inflammatory
Tiglic acid esters, Chamazulene, Apigenin, Azulene, Umbelliferone, Bisabolols

28

Ginseng

Adaptogen: adapt to internal/external stressors, fight fatigue, increase stamina.
Aphrodisiac
Stimulant
DMII regulation
act like caffeine w/o "kick"
*cycle dose
avoid in HTN, heart dz
Ginsenosides

29

Echinacea

Immunostimulant for prevention of URIs,
Treatment of: common cold, herpes simplex infection (topical), upper respiratory tract infections (viral), urinary tract infections, vaginal candidiasis, skin wounds (topical), skin ulcers (topical).
Arthritis: anti-inflammatory activity may help alleviate rheumatoid arthritis symptoms
Cancer: used to offset the depression of white cells during radiation and chemotherapy for cancer patients
avoid in autoimmune disorders

30

Goldenseal

Active constituent, berberine: broad-spectrum antimicrobial & anti-infective.
Mucous membrane infections: Apthous stomatitis
GI parasitic infections -take when traveling.
Digestive aid
Liver Stimulant (cirrhosis)
UTI
hide drugs in urine - myth