EXAM Ch. 3 Flashcards Preview

Religion IV > EXAM Ch. 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in EXAM Ch. 3 Deck (22):
1

religious life in which men and women leave the world to enter a monastery or convent while devoting themeselves to prayer, contemplation, and self-denial in solitude

monasticism

2

a fifth century heresy that held that humans could save themselves without God's supernatural help

Pelagianism

3

the Latin translation of the Bible completed by St. Jerome; became the authorized Bible used in the Catholic Church up to modern times

Vulgate

4

preaching the gospel

evangelization

5

a heresy of the fourth century that took its name from Arius, a heretical priest from Alexandria; denied the divinity of Jesus, claiming that he was like the Father except that he was created

Arianism

6

a 4th century heresy named for a bishop of Macedonia that claimed that the Son created the Holy Spirit who was in turn subordinate to the father and the sun

Macedonianism

7

a heresy of the late 5th/early 6th century that taught that there is only one nature in the Person of Christ, the divine nature

Monophysitism

8

Why was the Council of Nicea started and by whom?

Formed by Constantine; The council of Nicea was created to shut down Arianism
-They decided that Jesus was consubstantial with the father
-Nicene creed-stated our beliefs as Catholics

9

council that focused on the divinity of the Holy Spirit; Holy Spirit equal to the father and the son; Jesus was both human and divine

Council of Constantinople

10

In Greek, the supreme title for Mary, "God bearer", "Mother of God"

Theotokos

11

this council fought against Neatorius' belief of Christotokos which stated that Mary was only the mother of the human Jesus, not the divine Jesus. It stated that Mary is the mother of God and also that Jesus was the second person in the Blessed Trinity.

Council of Ephesus

11

This council stated that Jesus was one divine person in two natures-human and divine

Council of Chalcedon

11

set up missionaries to convert pagans; a famous story tells of how I chopped down a sacred oak tree dedicated to Thor, when I was not killed by Thor the pagans committed to Christian life

Bonafice

11

captured by Irish pirates and enslaved in Ireland, after 6 years I was set free and joined the monetary, I became bishop and returned to Ireland to convert Irish Celtic kings and established monasteries

Patrick

12

one of the most learned of all the Fathers of the Church. I translated the bible into Latin

Jerome

13

the bishop of Rome in the empires last days, gave order to a chaotic situation and convinced Attila the Hun to spare Rome

Leo

14

a very Christian woman that built churches and buildings in Jerusalem and Bethlehem, raised emperor Constantine

St. Helena

15

Issued the edict of Milan, which gave religious freedom to all, when other sects were threatening the unity of the church, he called together the first ecumenical council at Nicea

Constantine

16

Nicknamed "golden mouth" because of his skills as a preacher

John Chrysostom

17

the patron saint of Europe and founded the most influential form of monasticism, known for building monasteries

Benedict

18

mother of 3 children, oldest son Augustine worried her because he was intelligent but lazy and strayed from his faith. she prayed relentlessly that he would turn his life to Christ. after 17 years of prayer, they were answered

St. Monica

19

in his early years, he lead a sinful life but with the help of my mother, I converted to the catholic faith. I'm the doctor of the church and am known for my doctrines that were written to defend church teachings

Augustine