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Human Body in Health and Disease > Exam One > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam One Deck (92):
1

Is the nervous system fast or slow acting?

Fast acting

2

Is the endocrine system fast or slow acting?

Slow acting

3

What is the ability to sense changes and react to them?

Responsiveness

4

What is the process of removing wastes from the body?

Excretion

5

Orientation/Directional terms to know (4)

LOOK UP LATER

6

How is the sagittal section cut?

Lengthwise/longitudinal

7

How is the frontal section cut?

Divides anterior and posterior

8

How is the transverse section cut?

Horizontally

9

Dorsal body cavity includes...

Cranial and spinal cavity

10

Ventral body cavity includes...

Thoracic, abdominopelvic, abdominal, pelvic

11

What is the deepest skin layer?

Reticular Layer

12

What are also known as bedsores?

Decubitus Ulcers

13

What three pigments contribute to skin color?

Melanin - yellow, reddish-brown
Carotene - orange-yellow
Hemoglobin - rosy glow

14

Alterations of skin color...

Erythema - Redness
Pallor - pale
Jaundice - yellow
Bruises - black and blue

15

What is the over activity of the sebaceous glands?

Seborrhea

16

Examples of sweat glands

Eccrine and Apocrine

17

What lines the external of the lungs?

Visceral

18

What is also known as athlete's foot?

Tinea Pedis

19

What is caused by HIV?

Cold sores (fever blisters)

20

What is damaged in a first degree burn?

Superficial epidermis

21

What is damaged in a second degree burn?

Epidermis and superficial dermis

22

What is damaged in a third degree burn?

Both epidermis and dermis and often extend to subcutaneous tissue

23

What is damaged in a fourth degree burn?

Reaches the bone, muscle, or tendons

24

What does the ABCDE rule recognize?

Melanoma

25

What are 5 points of the ABCDE rule?

Asymmetry
Border Irregularity
Color
Diameter
Evolution

26

What does the hypodermis consist of?

Adipose tissue

27

What makes the epidermis a tough protective layer? What process is used?

Keratin
Keratinization

28

The ABCD rule classifies...

Melanoma

29

What is the "tanning" effect that occurs when a person is exposed to the sun?

Melanin

30

What does the parietal pericardium cover?

The roots of the heart

31

What tissue conducts electrochemical impulses?

Nervous tissue

32

Where is the axillary found?

The armpit

33

Where is the orbital found?

The eye area

34

Where is the inguinal found?

Area where thigh meets body trunk

35

Where is the umbilical found?

The navel

36

Where is the femoral found?

Thigh

37

The ovary is part of what two systems?

The reproductive and endocrine system

38

What type of transport is likely responsible for the process of a cell ingesting bacteria?

Endocytosis

39

The spleen and the tonsils are part of what system?

The lymphatic system

40

What is the movement of fluid through the cell membrane from a high pressure area to a lower area?

Filtration

41

Which type of section could be used to separate the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity?

Transverse

42

The brachial, antecubital, and carpal are found in which body part?

The arm

43

The epithelial tissue found in areas subject to considerable friction and abuse is what?

Stratified squamous epithelium

44

What type of tissue has an apical surface and a basement membrane?

Epithelial tissue

45

What type of tissue is specialized to contract and produce movement?

Muscle tissue

46

What type of tissue can be stratified or simple?

Epithelial tissue

47

What type of tissue can be classified as "loose" or "dense"?

Connective tissue

48

What tissue has the functional characteristics of irritability and conductivity?

Nervous tissue

49

What are nails composed of?

Keratin

50

What is the relationship of the thoracic cavity and the spinal cavities?

The thoracic cavity is ventral to the spinal cavity

51

What type of muscle is found in the walls of hollow organs, such as the stomach, and in the walls of blood vessels?

The smooth muscle

52

What is the correct sequence in the levels of structural organization?

Chemical level
Cellular level
Tissue level
Organ level
Organ system level
Organismal level

53

Nutrients reach the epidermis through what process?

Diffusion

54

What protein within the skin prevents it from soaking up moisture like a sponge?

Keratin

55

What is the opposite of distal?

Proximal

56

What is the only dry membrane?

Mucous membrane

57

What solution contains fewer solutes than the cell?

Hypotonic

58

What warms the body when its cold?

The arrector pili muscles contract to stand hairs upright

59

What is the anatomical position?

The body is erect with the feet parallel and the arms hanging at the sides with the palms facing forward

60

What feedback system operates in a way that the initial stimulus is enhanced and increases?

Positive

61

What is a vital function of the skin?

Converts modified epidermal cholesterol into vitamin D

62

What are sweat glands that are associated with hair?

Sudoriferous glands

63

Inferior is...

Below

64

Dorsal is...

Behind

65

Lateral is...

Toward the side

66

Distal is...

Father from the origin of the body or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk

67

Ventral is...

In front of...

68

Mucous membranes line...

Body cavities that have openings to the exterior of the body

69

What is the inflammation of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands?

Boils

70

What element of a control system detects a change?

Receptor

71

Which system covers the external surface of the body and manufactures vitamin D?

Integumentary system

72

What kind of tissue is fat?

Adipose tissue

73

What are tiny finger-like projections that increase the surface area of the cell for a quicker absorption?

Microvilli

74

What section divides the body on the longitudinal plane into equal left and right parts?

Median (midsagittal)

75

Which homeostatic imbalance imbalance that is caused by skin exposure to chemicals?

Contact dermititis

76

How do physicians estimate the volume of fluid lost in a severely burned patient?

Using the "rule of nines"

77

What are sudoriferous glands are important?

Body heat regulation

78

The skeletal muscle is what kind of tissue?

Muscle tissue

79

What is the correct order of elements in a control system?

Stimulus
Receptor
Afferent pathway
Control center
Efferent pathway
Effector
Response

80

What are finger-like upward projections of the dermis into the epidermis?

Dermal papillae

81

What body cavity are the lungs and heart in?

Thoracic cavity

82

What is not a survival need?

Reproduction

83

What is the infection of the sebaceous glands accompanied by skin pimples?

Acne

84

What is fluid-like blisters caused by herpes simplex virus?

Cold sores

85

What is the overproduction of skin cells causing dry, silvery scales?

Psoriasis

86

What is the cancer of skin pigment cells?

Malignant melanoma

87

What is hair thinning and some degree of baldness?

Alopecia

88

What organs are housed in the abdominopelvic cavity?

Stomach, liver, intestines, bladder, rectum ,and reproductive organs

89

What is the gluteal region?

Buttock

90

What is not a necessary life function?

Nutrients

91

Where are synovial membranes found?

Joint cavities

92

What represents the body thermostat that is located in a part of the brain called the hypothalamus?

Control center