Flashcards in Exam One Deck (92):
Is the nervous system fast or slow acting?
Is the endocrine system fast or slow acting?
What is the ability to sense changes and react to them?
What is the process of removing wastes from the body?
Orientation/Directional terms to know (4)
LOOK UP LATER
How is the sagittal section cut?
How is the frontal section cut?
Divides anterior and posterior
How is the transverse section cut?
Dorsal body cavity includes...
Cranial and spinal cavity
Ventral body cavity includes...
Thoracic, abdominopelvic, abdominal, pelvic
What is the deepest skin layer?
What are also known as bedsores?
What three pigments contribute to skin color?
Melanin - yellow, reddish-brown
Carotene - orange-yellow
Hemoglobin - rosy glow
Alterations of skin color...
Erythema - Redness
Pallor - pale
Jaundice - yellow
Bruises - black and blue
What is the over activity of the sebaceous glands?
Examples of sweat glands
Eccrine and Apocrine
What lines the external of the lungs?
What is also known as athlete's foot?
What is caused by HIV?
Cold sores (fever blisters)
What is damaged in a first degree burn?
What is damaged in a second degree burn?
Epidermis and superficial dermis
What is damaged in a third degree burn?
Both epidermis and dermis and often extend to subcutaneous tissue
What is damaged in a fourth degree burn?
Reaches the bone, muscle, or tendons
What does the ABCDE rule recognize?
What are 5 points of the ABCDE rule?
What does the hypodermis consist of?
What makes the epidermis a tough protective layer? What process is used?
The ABCD rule classifies...
What is the "tanning" effect that occurs when a person is exposed to the sun?
What does the parietal pericardium cover?
The roots of the heart
What tissue conducts electrochemical impulses?
Where is the axillary found?
Where is the orbital found?
The eye area
Where is the inguinal found?
Area where thigh meets body trunk
Where is the umbilical found?
Where is the femoral found?
The ovary is part of what two systems?
The reproductive and endocrine system
What type of transport is likely responsible for the process of a cell ingesting bacteria?
The spleen and the tonsils are part of what system?
The lymphatic system
What is the movement of fluid through the cell membrane from a high pressure area to a lower area?
Which type of section could be used to separate the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity?
The brachial, antecubital, and carpal are found in which body part?
The epithelial tissue found in areas subject to considerable friction and abuse is what?
Stratified squamous epithelium
What type of tissue has an apical surface and a basement membrane?
What type of tissue is specialized to contract and produce movement?
What type of tissue can be stratified or simple?
What type of tissue can be classified as "loose" or "dense"?
What tissue has the functional characteristics of irritability and conductivity?
What are nails composed of?
What is the relationship of the thoracic cavity and the spinal cavities?
The thoracic cavity is ventral to the spinal cavity
What type of muscle is found in the walls of hollow organs, such as the stomach, and in the walls of blood vessels?
The smooth muscle
What is the correct sequence in the levels of structural organization?
Organ system level
Nutrients reach the epidermis through what process?
What protein within the skin prevents it from soaking up moisture like a sponge?
What is the opposite of distal?
What is the only dry membrane?
What solution contains fewer solutes than the cell?
What warms the body when its cold?
The arrector pili muscles contract to stand hairs upright
What is the anatomical position?
The body is erect with the feet parallel and the arms hanging at the sides with the palms facing forward
What feedback system operates in a way that the initial stimulus is enhanced and increases?
What is a vital function of the skin?
Converts modified epidermal cholesterol into vitamin D
What are sweat glands that are associated with hair?
Toward the side
Father from the origin of the body or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
In front of...
Mucous membranes line...
Body cavities that have openings to the exterior of the body
What is the inflammation of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands?
What element of a control system detects a change?
Which system covers the external surface of the body and manufactures vitamin D?
What kind of tissue is fat?
What are tiny finger-like projections that increase the surface area of the cell for a quicker absorption?
What section divides the body on the longitudinal plane into equal left and right parts?
Which homeostatic imbalance imbalance that is caused by skin exposure to chemicals?
How do physicians estimate the volume of fluid lost in a severely burned patient?
Using the "rule of nines"
What are sudoriferous glands are important?
Body heat regulation
The skeletal muscle is what kind of tissue?
What is the correct order of elements in a control system?
What are finger-like upward projections of the dermis into the epidermis?
What body cavity are the lungs and heart in?
What is not a survival need?
What is the infection of the sebaceous glands accompanied by skin pimples?
What is fluid-like blisters caused by herpes simplex virus?
What is the overproduction of skin cells causing dry, silvery scales?
What is the cancer of skin pigment cells?
What is hair thinning and some degree of baldness?
What organs are housed in the abdominopelvic cavity?
Stomach, liver, intestines, bladder, rectum ,and reproductive organs
What is the gluteal region?
What is not a necessary life function?
Where are synovial membranes found?