Flashcards in Exam Two (Midterm) Deck (71):
What are muscles and glands?
What is not an ISOTONIC contraction?
Pushing against a stationary wall
What is muscle tissue that has involuntary regulation of contraction?
Cardiac muscle and smooth muscle
What special sense is not fully functional at birth?
Damage to what causes loss of muscle coordination?
What gland produces tears in the eyes?
The function of the olfactory nerve concerns what?
What is the middle coat of the eyeball that contains pigment which prevents light from scattering in the eyeball?
What do skeletal muscles need for contraction to occur?
Aerobic glycolysis needs what to function?
What is the correct sequence from outermost to innermost layers of the meninges?
Fingers and toes are referred to as what?
What is the fibrous outermost tunic seen anteriorily as the "white of the eye"?
What is not a primary taste sensation?
What is a fracture that is common in osteoporotic bones?
What is the part of the brain that deals with the ability to speak?
The Schwann cell forms a myelin sheath around what?
What muscle tissue has voluntary regulation of contraction?
Skeletal muscle only
What is the pigmented portion of the eye that has a rounded opening through which light passes?
Which nerve plexus serves the shoulder and arm?
What are afferent nerves called?
What are motor nerves called?
An ear infection following an illness suck as a cold has passed from the throat through the auditory tube to what?
How many vertebrae are in the neck region?
What is it called when the neuron processes that normally receive incoming stimuli?
What are the most important mineral stored in bones?
Calcium and phosporous
What is the lobe that contains the primary motor area that enables voluntary control of skeletal muscle movements?
When do the pupils dilate?
What is the gel-like substance that reinforces the eyeball and prevents it from collapsing inward?
What kind of tissue is the forerunner of long bones in the embryo?
Which of the nervous plexuses originates from ventral rami L1-L4?
"Pinkeye" is caused by bacterial or viral irritation of what?
Control of temperature, endocrine activity, metabolism, and thirst are functions associated with what?
The function of yellow marrow in adults is what?
To store adipose tissue
What effector is not directly controlled by the autonomic nervous system?
The term central nervous system refers to what?
Brain and spinal cord
What type of membrane connects muscle to bone?
The inability see distant object is termed "nearsighted", also called what?
A nerve cell and all the muscle cells that it stimulates are referred to as what?
A motor unit
What is a characteristic of the parasympathetic nervous system?
Decreases heart rate
The axon terminals of a nerve cell and the sarcolemma of a skeletal muscle cell join where?
At the neuromuscular junction
What factors determine where bone matrix is to be remolded?
Stresses of gravity and muscle pull on the skeleton
Bone formation can be referred to as what?
What bone fracture is broken into many segments?
What is the transparent central anterior portion of sclera through which light enters the eye?
Neurons in adults do not undergo what?
What is the gap between two communicating neurons?
What is the ability to respond to a stimulus?
What does the axial skeleton contain?
Skull, ribs and sternum, and vertabrae
What is a fracture that is common in children, whose bones have relatively more collagen in their matrix and are more flexible than those of adults?
What is a compound fracture?
When the broken bone is exposed to the outside
The vital centers for the control of visceral activities such as heart rate and breathing?
What structure of the eye focuses light on the retina?
What prepares the body for the "fight-or-flight" response?
Sympathetic nervous system
What is not a function of the muscular system?
Where are dynamic equilibrium receptors found?
White matters refers to the myelinated fibers in what?
What does the peripheral nervous system consist of?
The spinal and cranial nerves
Where are the equilibrium receptors located?
What is a bone-forming cell?
What is the order of the parts through which light passes at it enters the eye?
Sound waves entering the external auditory canal hit the eardrum, also known as what?
Sensorineural deafness occurs when there is damage or degeneration of receptor cells of what?
Spiral organ of Corti or cochlear ear
Which layer of the eye contains rods and cones?
What is the correct sequence of the stages of bone fracture healing?
Fibrocartilage callus formation
Bony callus formation
The sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems are subdivisions of what?
Autonomic nervous system
The congenital condition of crossed eyes is also known as what?
What is the substance that is released at axonal endings to propagate a nervous impulse?
What is the correct sequence in a typical reflex arc?
The kneecap is known as what?