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Flashcards in Exam Prep Deck (57):

What does DRSABCD mean?

D- Danger
R- Response (COWS)
S- Send for help
A- Airways
B- Breathing
D- Defibrillator


What's does COWS mean?

Can you hear me?
Open your eyes?
What's your name?
Squeeze my hands.


What to look for in Danger?

Look for any hazards that may cause harm to you before helping the injured. If there is any hazards remove them safely if there would be no risk.


What do you do in Response?

Is the person responding? Use the COWS method


Send for help?

Don't leave the casualty get a bystander to call 000


What do you need to look for in Airways?

CLEAR no visible obstruction in their mouth. If their is then roll the patient into recovery position to help clear the airways.
OPEN once the airway is clear use the pistol grip to raise the chin up to ensure the tongue isn't blocking the breathing tube (trachea).


What do you do for Breathing?

LOOK is the patients chest rising and falling.
LISTEN for the breathing by placing your ear next to their mouth.
FEEL - Place your hand over the casualty's chest to feel for rising and falling.


What to do for CPR (Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation)?

If a casualty doesn't breath a minimum of 2 times in 10 seconds then you must begin CPR. There are 2 parts to CPR, breaths and compressions.


What is Defibrillation?

A defibrillator should only be used in sync with CPR cycles. A defibrillator assesses the individuals heart and shocks the heart to put it back into the correct rhythm of required.


The steps of CPR?

You know it don't stress


What does RICER mean?

R- rest
I- ice
C- compression
E- elevation
R- referral


What does soft tissue injuries refer to?

Include sprains, strains and dislocations. They are injuries that effect the joints and skeletal muscles, including ligaments and tendons.


Explain RICER in further explanation

Rest- stop doing activity to prevent further injury and avoid movement.
Ice- put ice pack of injured area.
Compression- compress the injury site for support by using a compression bandage.
Elevation- elevate the injured area if possible to reduce bleeding and swelling.
Referral- refer the patient to a health professional for further treatment.


What is No HARM?

No harm should be done after getting a soft tissue injury. Try avoiding these 4 things:
H- Heat (no hot showers, hot pack etc)
A- Alcohol (no consumption of alcohol)
R- Running (no more exercise, can further injury)
M- Massage (increases blood flow to area which increases pain, bleeding and swelling)


What is asthma?

Asthma is a condition that causes sufferers airways to narrow when exposed to certain trigger. This can lead to difficulty breathing and a possible loss of consciousness and possibly lead to death if not appropriately managed.


What triggers asthma?

-respiratory infection
-exposure to an allergen(dust mite, mould, animal hair)
-exposure to irritants(tobacco smoke, perfume)
-foods(nuts, seafood)
-excessive exercise
-changes in weather
-emotions and stress


Who do you treat first out of bleeding, broken bones and unconscious?

The order of treatment would be unconscious as they might not be breathing so you need to give them CPR to help them breath again. Then you would go to bleeding as they might bleed to death and then to the broken bone where you mobilise the limb. Help them in order of who would die first.


What are the causes of shock?

-blood loss(bleeding)
-heart attack
-spinal injury
-abdominal problems(severe infections, allergic reactions)


What are the signs of shock?

-pale, cold and clammy skin
-anxiety and disorientation
-thirst and nausea


What are the signs that someone may have a fracture?

-a bone protruding from a wound
-an obvious deformity
-pain and tenderness at the site of injury
-movement of the limb is severely reduced


What are the types of fractures?

Open- bone coming out of a wound
Closed- there is no external evidence
Complicated- where the fracture has caused other internal injuries.


What are the signs of someone having an asthma attack?

-pale skin
-shortness of breath
-rapid, weak pulse


What do you do to treat a snake bite?

Pressure immobilisation- where you slow down the rate at which the venom reaches the bloodstream delaying effects.


How do you treat a blood nose?

Get the casualty to pinch the flashy part of their nose for 10 minutes or longer if it's still bleeding and have them lean slightly forward. Apply ice or a cold face wash to the casualty's neck.


How do you treat a fracture?

For a closed fracture the person should be transported to the hospital by the quickest way. For an open or complicated fracture am ambulance should be called.
Do not force the limb into the 'right' position the casualty should have the limb in the most comfortable position.


What are communication systems and when do you use them?

Communication systems are to be used in emergencies to get into contact with relevant authorities. The environment you are in will determine which method is best to use. 6 of the most common methods are: flares, whistles, alarms, hand signals, telephone and radio communication.


How do you control a group in an emergency?

-keep providing information to the group to ensure them of what is happening. This helps with their mental and emotional safety, their feelings of fear, anxiety or worry needs to be reassured.
-when providing instructions or information make sure all of the group is in front of you and are all listening.
-remain calm and ensure the group is calm too.
-ask that everyone stays together and looks out for each other.


What are the types of emergency equipment?

-Fire extinguisher
-Fire blanket
-First aid kit
-Emergency lighting
-Emergency signalling devices
-Portable emergency shelter


When is it appropriate to use a fire blanket and fire extinguishers?

They are required to be in every workplace. They must not be used to fight large fires but can prevent smaller fires from escalating.


When must emergency signalling devices be used?

They must be used outdoors and aquatic areas. They include whistles, air horns, surface marker buoys, flares and radios. They are used when you need to be rescued or assisted.


When should portable emergency shelters be used?

It should be used in outdoor situations when the environment conditions change and force the individual or group to remain outside overnight. They are designed to shield wind and provide warmth.


What are the types of emergency situations?

-bomb threats
-medical, injuries, accidents
-equipment failure
-lost party or party member
-hazardous releases


What happens in the workplace when a lost party or party member happens?

Debriefing procedure. It can be a difficult situation for anyone to loose someone close so the workplace must offer up time off work and/or counselling to those who need it.


What should you do when there is hazardous releases?

Chemical and other hazardous releases can cause serious harm and you must wear the appropriate PPE like gloves, gum boots and a protective barrier mask to limit any exposure to the chemicals.


How can you avoid equipment failure?

To prevent equipment failure you must have regular maintenance checks and testing on the equipment as its common in the workplace for it to fail.


What does PPE mean?

Personal Protective Equipment. Creates barrier between person and hazard


What does PPE classify as?

-Head protection
-Face and eye protection
-Hand protection
-Clothing and footwear
-Respiratory protection


What does workplace health and safety procedures and expectations include?

they include:
-completing the required documentation
-following WHS guidelines
-following procedures for work are housekeeping
-handling, using and storing toxic and hazardous chemicals according to workplace procedures.


Why is it important to fill in the correct documentation? Example

It's important as all staff are complete documentation to show that the business is a safe work zone.
All gym members must scan their card so if there's an emergency then they know how many people are in the gym.


Why is it important that we follow the workplace procedures when handling, using and storing toxic and hazardous chemicals?

The chemicals must be labelled clearly and have proper containment and they must have instructions on how to handle the chemicals correctly. If not they can lead to serious injuries


What is environmental protection?

Is to ensure that no harm comes to the environment by a business or organisation


What are debriefing procedures? And when should they occur?

Debriefing procedures should be done after an injury, accident or loss in the workplace. Employees should be given the option to debrief about what's happened and should be encouraged. It's important for the mental and emotional health of the staff.


What is the hierarchy of control?

level 1
Elimination- remove hazard
level 2
substitution- replace with something less harmful
isolation-create a barrier between harm
engineering controls- change equipment reduce harm
level 3
administrative controls- implement training or changes


What are the signs of fatigue?

-excessive yawning
-falling asleep at work
-short term memory loss issues
- slow reflexes and co-ordination


What are some ways to manage stress?

-limit alcohol intake
-eat healthy foods regularly


Define duty of care

It's a moral or legal obligation to ensure safety or the well being of others.


Signs of stress?

-low energy
-aching muscles


How long should you seen checking someone's breathing?

Don't spend more than 10 seconds in this process. 2 breaths in 10 second period is breathing normally.


What is a hazard?

A source or situation with the potential harm in terms of human injury or ill health . Can include physical, psychological or emotional trauma cause b doing a workplace activity I have is dangerous.


Common hazards?

-manual tasks
-psychological hazards equipment related
-workplace policies and procedures
-hazardous chemicals


How do you identify hazards?

Case studies
Professional consultants
Industry specialists


What is an injury/incident report form?

A form completed when a person is injured to ensure that the injury will not happen again and so that there is a record of that injury.


Who would you report safety issues to?

Team leaders, supervisors and managers
Healthy and safety reps
Health services commission members
Organisation WHS personnel
Any other person designated by the organisation


Who would you report safety issues to?

By filling out a report or telling designated personnel directly


How should you dispose of sharps?

By carefully placing the sharp in a bio-can.


How do you minimise risks in the workplace?

By doing continuous safety and hazard checks and asking employees for feedback on the workplace.


Benefits of stress management

Will allow employees to work more efficiently and feel like they are in a safe work environment where their opinions and emotions are valid