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Flashcards in exam review Deck (45):
1

sedentary death syndrom

is a cause of death attribute d to a lack of physical activity

2

chronic diesease

illness that develop as a result of an unhealthy lifestyle and last a long time

3

life expectancy

number of years a person is expected to live based on the person's birth year

4

health

a state if complete well being- not just the absence of disease or infirmity

5

fitness

the ability to meet the ordinary as well as the unusual demands of daily life safely and effectively without being overly fatigued and still have energy left for leisure and recreational activities

6

seven dimension of health and wellness

occupational
environmental
physical
spiritual
emotional
social
mental

7

6 nutrients

carbohydrates
protein
fat
vitamin
lipids
water

8

fuel nutrients

carbohydrates
protein
fat
which supplies the body with energy

9

regulatory nutrients

vitamin
lipids
water
have no caloric value but are needed to maintain good health function normally

10

essential nutrients

nutrients your body requires include vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates, fats (essential fatty acids), water and oxygen

11

nonessential nutrients

Non-essential nutrients are nutrients that your body can produce internally from food sources.

12

6 food groups of pyramid model

oils
grains
fruit
vegetables
milk
meat and beans

13

muscular endurance

the ability of a muscle to exert sub-maximal force repeatedly over time

14

muscular strength

the ability of a muscle to exert maximum force against resistance

15

CVD

the array of conditions that affect the heart and the blood vessels ( Cardiovascular disease)

16

stroke

blood vessel the feeds the brain ruptures or is clogged, leading to blood flow disruption to the brain

17

peripheral heart disease

narrowing of the peripheral blood vessels

18

coronary heart disease

condition in which the arteries that supply the heart muscle with oxygen and nutrients are narrowed by fatty deposits, such cholesterol and triglycerides

19

repetition

repeating

20

set

is the number of repetitions performed for a given exercise.

21

individuality

Similar training programs result in a wide variation in physiological responses due to the role of heredity

22

SMART goals

specific
measurable
attainable
realistic
time

23

increased strength

Increase or maintain muscle mass and a higher resting metabolic rate.
Encourages weight loss and maintenance.
Lessens the risk of injury.
Prevents osteoporosis.
Reduces chronic low-back pain.
Alleviates arthritic pain.
Improves cholesterol levels.
Promotes psychological well-being.
Also, may help lower the risk of high blood pressure and diabetes

24

chronological age

calender age

25

physiological age

the biological and functional in the field of medicine to mean biologic systems affected by physical activity and the role of activity in preventing disease

26

actual age

realistic age

27

types of physical fitness

health and skill related

28

health related

ability to perform activities of daily living without undue fatigue

29

skill related

components consists of agility, balance, coordination, reaction time, speed, and power

30

environmental influences of physical fitness

modern day automation and mechanics, excessive viewing of the tv, modern day architecture, weather and perceived crime

31

vitamin classification

water soluble(b complex and c)
fat soluble( a, d, e, and k)

32

Vitamin A

is produce from betacarotene and found in carrots, pumpkin and sweet potatoes

33

Vitamin d

is found in certain foods and created when UV light from the sun transform 7 dehydrocholesterol, a compound in human skin

34

minerals

Minerals are crucial components of respiratory pigments, enzymes and enzyme systems.
ex. calcium, sodium, selenium, and iron
Minerals regulate muscular and nervous system impulses, blood clotting, and normal heart rhythm.

35

Vitamin k

created in the body by intestinal bacteria

36

stress

mental, emotional, and physiological response of the body to any situation that is new, threatening, frightening or exciting

37

stressor

stress that prepares the organism to react to the stress- causing event

38

distress

negative stress, unpleasant or harmful stress under which health and performance begin to deteriorate

39

type a behavior

characterizes a primarily hard-driving, overambitious, aggressive, at times hostile and overly competitive person

40

type b behavior

calm, casual, relaxed, easygoing individuals.

41

type c behavior

characterizes a person that works well under pressure without showing the signs of stress.

42

addiction

is- compulsive, uncontrollable behavior(s)or use of substance

43

viral

a virus that you cant get rid of : HIV

44

bacterial STI

a virus you can get rid of : Chlamydia and gonorrhea

45

reducing the risk of STIS AND HIV infection

- postpone sex until you and your uninfected partner are prepared to enter into a lifetime relationship
- practice safe sex every time you have sex and dont have sexual contact with anyone who doesn't practice safe sex.
-use methods of contraception to help prevent the infection from spreading
- know your partner and limit your sexual relationships
- dont have sex with prostitutes