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Flashcards in Expository Conventions Deck (27)
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1

Emotive Language

To draw on the emotions of the reader to make them feel strongly towards the topic

2

Descriptive Language

Strong use of adjectives to describe a person, place or event in order to create a vivid picture in the readers mind.

3

Figurative Language

Language that is used to further enhance the author's description.
Metaphor: something IS something else
Simile: something is LIKE some thing else
Personification: when an inanimate object is given human characteristics

4

Inclusive language and personal pronouns

Authors uses words like 'humanity' or 'one nation' to create a sense of unity

Our, we, us, you, me and I is used to directly address the reader and make them feel like the topic is relevant to them and their involvement

5

Juxtaposition

When two opposing things are discussed or presented side by side in order to make a point through contrast/comparison

6

Irony

When there is a difference between what might be expected and what actually occurs.

OR

A situation where something is said but the reader can see a different meaning.

7

Tone
(Scathing, humerus, sarcastic, assertive, accusatory)

The way we might imagine the author would sound if he/she was reading the text aloud. It presents their attitude towards the topic.

8

Facts/Statistics

To validate the author's argument by providing facts which more definitely prove the author's assertion

9

Enumeration

When a long list is provided to emphasise the extent of something

10

Point Of View

1st Person: Main character narrates
2nd Person: Reader is the character
3rd Person Limited: Describes the characters actions into their thoughts/emotions
3rd Person Omniscient: Includes thoughts and emotions of the characters

11

Opinion

Where the author directly shares their opinion to convince reader

12

Authority Figure/Expert Testimony

An expert shares insight on a topic to support and validate arguments.

13

Personal Anecdote//Anecdotal Evidence

The author uses their own or someone else's experiences to illustrate a point

14

Selection/omission of detail

When the author deliberately selects or leaves out details from their text that may influence or manipulate the impression readers get on a topic

15

Rhetorical Question

The author poses a question that is designed to make reader's question themselves on a topic and their perspective

16

Anaphora

Where consecutive sentences (3 or more) start with the same word or phrase

17

Repetition

A key word or phrase that is repeated throughout a text to reassure a message

18

Hyperbole

Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally

E.g "i've told you a million times"

19

Paradox

A seemingly absurd or contradictory statement which, with research, may prove to be true.

20

Idiom

A phrase of expression to colloquially communicate with groups of people

'Over the moon'
'Out if the blue'
'See the light'

21

Epistrophe

The repetition of a word at the end of successive clauses or sentences (opposite of anaphora)

22

Euphemism

A mild, indirect word or expression substituted for one considered to be too harsh or blunt when referring to something unpleasant or embarrassing.
(Sugar-coating)

23

Dysphemism

A derogatory or unpleasant term used instead of a pleasant or neutral one.

Expression with connotations that are offensive

24

Anadiplosis

Repetition of the last word/phrase in the start of a new sentence (clause!)
"Once you change a philosophy, you change your thought pattern"
"When I give, I give myself"

25

Oxymoron

A figure of speech where two opposite ideas are joined to create effect.
'Cold fire'
'Cruel kindness'
'Living death'
'Bittersweet'
'Act naturally'

26

Call to Action

Where the author directly addresses the reader and commands them to act or do something in regards to the topic.

27

Jargon

Special words or expressions that are used by a particular profession that is difficult for others to understand