Extensor Forearm Lecture Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Week 2 > Extensor Forearm Lecture > Flashcards

Flashcards in Extensor Forearm Lecture Deck (22):
1

How do you distinguish between the dorsal and palmar parts of the hand?

The hook of the hammate, tubercle of the trapezium, and pisiform are all distinctive on the palmar side.

2

What carpal makes up the majority of the wrist joint?

Scaphoid

3

What are the superficial extensors of the forearm?

Brachioradialis (flexor at elbow), Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus, Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis, Extensor Digitorum, Extensor Digiti Minimi, Extensor Carpi Ulnaris

4

What are the deep extensors of the forearm?

Supinator, Abductor Pollicis Longus, Extensor Pollicis longus, Extensor Pollicis Brevis, Extensor Indicies

5

What are the superficial Flexors of the forearm?

Pronator Teres (Pronation), Flexor Carpi Radialis, Flexor Palmaris, Flexor Digitorum Superficialis, Flexor Carpi Ulnaris

6

What are the deep flexors of the forearm?

Flexor Digitorum Profundus, Flexor Pollicis longus, Pronator quatratus

7

What membrane separates anterior and posterior compartments of the forearm?

Interosseous membrane, intermuscular septum

8

What nerves are involved in supination?

Musculocutaneous (Biceps), Deep radial (Supinator)

9

What happens between the radius, ulna, and interosseous membrane when you fall on an outstretched hand?

Most of the intitial force goes to radius and into the interosseous membrane and transferred to the ulna and into elbow

10

When is the brachioradialis effective?

When the elbow is already semi-flexed

11

What muscle counter the flexion of flexor carpi ulnaris and flexor carpi radialis?

Extensor carpi ulnaris, extensor carpi radialis longus and brevis

12

What would happen if some of the extensors were not countered by flexors or vise-versa?

Movement of the wrist would be choppy

13

What counters the adduction caused by flexion of FCU and ECU?

FCR and ECRL/B

14

Muscles that act on the thumb run the course of what bone?

Radius

15

What is a possible point of compression for the radial n. in the forearm?

At the suppinator, It becomes the deep radial n. at the lateral border of the cubital fossa then passes through the supinator to become the interosseous n.

16

What structures create the boundaries for the anatomical snuff box?

Extensor pollicis longus (dorsal), extensor pollicis brevis (palmar), Extensor retinaculum

17

What nerve and artery are in the antatomical snuff box?

Radial n., (radial a.) Dorsal carpal arch of radial artery

18

What is the major concern with a scaphoid fracture?

Avascular necrosis

19

What artery runs along the interosseous membrane?

Posterior interosseous a.

20

What nerve supplies the pinky and half of the ring finger?

Ulnar

21

What nerve supplies the first three digits on the palmer side of the hand and the nail beds on the posterior side of the same digits?

Median

22

What nerve supplies the dorsal side of the hand for the first 3.5 digits?

Superficial Radial