F9: Governmental Accounting (Part B) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in F9: Governmental Accounting (Part B) Deck (29):
1

GASB 34 requires the presentation of what?

-Basic financial statements
-Required supplementary info

2

Basic financial statements definition

-Government-wide financial statements
-Fund financial statements
-Notes to the financial statements

3

Other required supplementary info includes what?

-Management's discussion and analysis
-Other schedules

4

Where is MD&A shown?

Before the basic financial statements

5

Governmental reporting focuses on what two types of accountability?

1- Operational Accountability
2- Fiscal Accountability

6

What is the focus of government-wide financial statements?

Operational Accountability

7

What is Operational Accountability?

The extent to which the government has met its operating objectives efficiently and effectively and the extent to which it can continue to meet its objectives

8

What is the focus of fund financial statements?

Fiscal Accountability

9

What is Fiscal Accountability?

Shows that the government entity's actions in current period have complied with public decisions

10

CAFR stands for what?

Comprehensive Annual Financial Report

11

CAFR definition

A section that adds an:
-Intro section (before basic financial statements)
-Statistical section (after basic financial statements and supplemental required info)

12

Is CAFR required?

No

13

What is included in the Intro Section of CAFR?

-Letter of transmittal
-Organizational chart
-List of principal officers

14

What is included in the Statistical Section of CAFR?

-10 years of selected financial data
-10 years of economic data
-Other data

15

The primary government consists of what?

All organizations that make up the legal government entity

16

The primary government is considered the _______ of the financial reporting entity

Nucleus

17

Types of Primary Government Entities

-State governments
-General purpose local governments
-Special purpose local governments that meet SELF criteria

18

SELF stands for what?

SE- has a Separately-Elected governing body
L- is Legally separate, and
F- is Fiscally independent of other state/local governments

19

What is a component unit?

-An organization for which the elected officials of the primary government are financially accountable
OR
-An organization that cannot be excluded from the primary government's statements without making them incomplete

20

Two ways to present a component unit

1- Blended Presentation
2- Discrete Presentation

21

What is Blended Presentation?

-When a component unit is so entwined with the primary government

22

Examples of units requiring blended presentation

-A board of the component unit is substantively the same as that of the primary government
-Component unit serves the primary government exclusively (or almost)
-Component unit is not a separate legal entity

23

Units requiring discrete presentation

When the requirements of blended presentation are not met

24

Which type of presentation of component units is most common?

Discrete presentation

25

Examples of NFP units that can be presented as a component unit (because they provide ongoing support to the primary government)

-Private foundations associated with state universities
-Private foundations associated with public health care facilities

26

Legally separate, tax-exempt organizations should be recorded as discrete if ALL the following 3 standards are met:

1- Benefit standard
2- Access standard
3- Significance standard

27

Definition of Benefit Standard

Resources held by the tax-exempt organization are for near-exclusive benefit of the primary government

28

Definition of Access Standard

Primary government has access to a majority of the resources held by the tax-exempt organization

29

Definition of Significance Standard

Resources held by the tax-exempt organization are significant to the primary government